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Babia Góra to Mountain range w Western Beskids. Nthe highest peak, Diablak, ma 1723 m above sea level and it is the highest peak of the entire Western Beskids. Babia Góra belongs to Crown of the Polish Mountains and since the nineteenth century has been called the Queen of the Beskids.
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-buy of stones poured out in front of the cottage by a grandmother - a giantess
-the robber's mistress, who became petrified with grief at the sight of the killed beloved
-in the caves under this mountain, the robbers hid their captives
- the type of cake
- iconic statue of worship
The Babia Góra massif stretches from the Northern Jałowiecka Pass to the Krowiarki Pass. Two tops stand out in the massif: Diablak (1723 m npm) and Little Babia Góra (1517 m above sea level).
Babia Góra was uplifted at the same time as the Beskids, i.e. Paleogene (about 50 to 20 million years ago). The Babia Góra Massif is built of sandstone and shale flysch divided into the sub-Magura (sandstones, shales and marls) and Magura (sandstones) layers. Numerous fossils have been discovered in the rocks of Babia Góra.
There are landslide lakes in the Babia Góra massif, and the top parts are covered with quite large rock debris.
There are many species rare in Poland:
- single-threaded ferrule
- alpine cornea
- deer's rings
- northern cistern
- flea plot
-A alpine experience
On Babia Góra there is a storied vegetation system with characteristic plants:
-lower sub-base (700-1150 meters above sea level):
common beech, spruce, fir, onion livestock, bear's garlic
-upper rack (1150-1350 meters above sea level):
-mountain pine (1350-1650 meters above sea level):
mountain pine, rowan, red fescue, narcissus, carnation, martagon lily
-Alpine floor (1650 - 1725 m above sea level):
sit skucina, brown haired, alpine horn, Babiogoric endemic
In the area Babiogórski National Park there are 105 species of birds, incl. woodpeckers and eagle owls, many mammals such as deer, lynxes, wolves and bears, and insects, especially beetles.
In 1954, the Babia Góra National Park was established in the Babia Góra massif, which was also included in the list of world biosphere reserves. This park has an area of 34 km2 and protects rare species of plants and animals found in this area. The symbol of the Babiogórski National Park is okrzyn deer, the local endemic.
In the past, sheep were grazed in the clearings of Babia Góra, and oxen were grazed in the highest, forestless parts of the massif. Mountain pine was cut to enlarge the pasture area. After the creation of the National Park here, the grazing was completed and the clearings were overgrown with dwarf pine and forest.
-red: Markowe Szczawiny-Przełęcz Harrow- Babia Góra-Sokolica-Przełęcz Lipnicka
-zielony: Jałowiecka Pass -Little Babia Góra- the Brona-Babia Góra-leśniczówka Stańcowa-Kiczory pass
-yellow: Markowe Szczawiny-Perć Akademików-Babia Góra-Chata Slaná Voda (Slovakia)
-red: Oravska Półgóra-Chata Slaná Voda-Mała Babia Góra
The travel time is around 6 hours, although in the winter it can be much longer, and you should also take breaks to rest and enjoy the views.
The first mention of Babia Góra come from the fifteenth century, and wrote about it Jan Długosz. A hundred years later Marcin from Urzędów placed Babia Góra on the maps.
In the 1894 year from Orawska Półgóry the first marked tourist trail was led to the top of Babia Góra.
On the southern side of the massif it runs "Your Walkway", which is one of the older trails at Babia Góra. It was marked out by the Austrians and expanded after the First World War by the Polish Army.
The first ski ascent to the top of Babia Góra took place in 1906.
From Diablak there is a panorama of the Żywiec, Silesian, Mały, Makowski, Wyspowy and Gorce Beskids. You can also see the Orawsko-Nowotarska Basin and Tatras.
The first wooden shelter for tourists was built on the top of Babia Góra as early as 1806, but it was quickly destroyed by a storm.
In the mid-nineteenth century, it was built "Losertówkę", which was built from a local stone, but did not have closed doors and windows, so it was destroyed too quickly.
Hostel PTTK Markowe Szczawiny is the first Polish shelter in the Western Beskids. There is a branch here Mountain Rescue.
Changeable and capricious weather in the higher parts of the Babia Góra massif is the cause of many accidents.
- heavy storms
- snow hurricanes
- strong winds
- changing weather
In the Babia Góra massif, the multi-storey climate system is clearly visible. The lowest level is moderately warm, the next one is moderately cool and is in line with the lower mountain range. The cool climate level occurs at the height of the upper mountain forest. Above it, where mountain pine is present, the climate is very cool, and in the highest parts of Babia Góra there is a moderately cold climate.
The climate of Babia Góra is influenced by winds from the north-west and west, as well as the warm south mountain winds.
There are also frequent rainfall and snowfall, and the snow cover stays up to 200 days a year.
At Babia Góra there is often a phenomenon called temperature inversion, which means that it is cooler at the foot of Babia Góra than at its top.
Babiogórski National Park has prepared a wide range of educational activities addressed to children, school youth, students and adults, as well as people with disabilities. The proposed classes are conducted stationary and in the field.
Classroom activities are conducted at the Permanent Exhibition in the building of the National Park Directorate, as well as in schools, holiday homes and cultural centers.
Field activities are carried out on educational and Babia Góra trails. Their course and duration depends on the participants who get to know the flora and fauna of the surrounding area, types of nature protection and learn about the cultural heritage of the region.
Workshops are devoted to, among others water, soil and nature conservation issues.