Babia Góra

Babia Góra to Mountain range w Western Beskids. Nthe highest peak, Diablak, ma 1723 m high altitude and it is the highest peak of the whole Western Beskids. Babia Góra is counted to The Crown of the Polish Mountains and from the 19th century is called the Queen of the Beskids.

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The origin of the name Babia Góra

-kit of stones strewn in front of the cottage by a woman - a giant

-the bush of the highwayman who was petrified of grief at the sight of the dead beloved

- in the caves under this mountain the robbers hid their branes

- the type of cake

- iconic statue of worship

Position

The Babia Góra massif stretches from the Northern Jałowiecka Pass to the Krowiarki Pass. Two tops stand out in the massif: Diablak (1723 m npm) and Little Babia Góra (1517 m above sea level).

Geology

Babia Góra was uplifted at the same time as the Beskids, i.e. Paleogene (about 50 to 20 million years ago). The Babia Góra Massif is built of sandstone and shale flysch divided into the sub-Magura (sandstones, shales and marls) and Magura (sandstones) layers. Numerous fossils have been discovered in the rocks of Babia Góra.

In the Babia Góra massif there are landslide lakes, and the apical parts cover quite large rock debris.

Vegetation

There are many rare species in Poland:

-the Moravian

- single-threaded ferrule

- alpine roller

- deer's rings

- northern cistern

- flea plot

-A alpine experience

On Babia Góra there is a storied vegetation system with characteristic plants:

-lower sub-base (700-1150 meters above sea level):

common beech, spruce, fir, onion livestock, bear's garlic

-upper rack (1150-1350 meters above sea level):

świerk

-mountain pine (1350-1650 meters above sea level):

mountain pine, rowan, red fescue, narcissus, carnation, martagon lily

-Alpine floor (1650 - 1725 m above sea level):

sit skucina, brown haired, alpine horn, Babiogoric endemic

Animals

In the area Babiogórski National Park there are 105 species of birds, incl. woodpeckers and eagle owls, many mammals such as deer, lynxes, wolves and bears, and insects, especially beetles.

National Park

In 1954, the Babia Góra National Park was established in the Babia Góra massif, which was also included in the list of world biosphere reserves. This park has an area of ​​34 km2 and protects rare species of plants and animals found in this area. The symbol of the Babiogórski National Park is okrzyn deer, the local endemic.

In the past, sheep were grazing in the glades of Babia Góra, and in the highest, forestless parts of the massif - oxen. The mountain pine was cut to enlarge the surface of the pastures. After the creation of the National Park here, grazing was completed, and the clearing overgrew with mountain pine and forest.

Hiking trails

-red: Markowe Szczawiny-Przełęcz Harrow- Babia Góra-Sokolica-Przełęcz Lipnicka

-zielony: Jałowiecka Pass -Little Babia Góra- the Brona-Babia Góra-leśniczówka Stańcowa-Kiczory pass

-yellow: Markowe Szczawiny-Perć Akademików-Babia Góra-Chata Slaná Voda (Slovakia)

-red: Oravska Półgóra-Chata Slaná Voda-Mała Babia Góra

The travel time is around 6 hours, although in the winter it can be much longer, and you should also take breaks to rest and enjoy the views.

History

The first mention of Babia Góra come from the fifteenth century, and wrote about it Jan Długosz. A hundred years later Marcin from Urzędów placed Babia Góra on the maps.

In the 1894 year from Orawska Półgóry the first marked tourist trail was led to the top of Babia Góra.

On the southern side of the massif it runs "Your Walkway", which is one of the older trails at Babia Góra. It was marked out by the Austrians and expanded after the First World War by the Polish Army.

The first ski entrance to the top of Babia Góra took place in the 1906 year.

Views

From Diablak there is a panorama of the Żywiec, Silesian, Mały, Makowski, Wyspowy and Gorce Beskids. You can also see the Orawsko-Nowotarska Basin and Tatras.

Hostels

The first wooden shelter for tourists was created on the top of Babia Góra already in 1806, but rather quickly destroyed by the gale.

In the mid-nineteenth century, it was built "Losertówkę", which was built from a local stone, but did not have closed doors and windows, so it was destroyed too quickly.

Hostel PTTK Markowe Szczawiny is the first Polish shelter in the Western Beskids. There is a branch here Mountain Rescue.

Accidents

Variable and capricious weather in the higher parts of the Babia Góra massif is the cause of many accidents.

threats:

- heavy storms

- snow hurricanes

-lawinowy

- strong winds

- changing weather

-mgły

Klimat / Weather

In the Babia Góra massif, the multi-storey climate system is clearly visible. The lowest level is moderately warm, the next one is moderately cool and is in line with the lower mountain range. The cool climate level occurs at the height of the upper mountain forest. Above it, where mountain pine is present, the climate is very cool, and in the highest parts of Babia Góra there is a moderately cold climate.

The climate of Babia Góra is influenced by winds from the north-west and west, as well as the warm south mountain winds.

There are also frequent rain and snow, and the snow cover is even covered by 200 days a year.

On Babia Góra there is often a phenomenon called temperature inversion, which consists in the fact that at the foot of Babia Góra it is cooler than at its peak.

Education

Babiogórski National Park has prepared a wide range of educational activities addressed to children, school youth, students and adults, as well as people with disabilities. The proposed classes are conducted stationary and in the field.

The stationary classes are conducted at the Permanent Exhibition in the building of the National Park Directorate, as well as in schools, holiday homes and cultural centers.

Field activities are carried out on educational and Babia Góra trails. Their course and duration depends on the participants who get to know the flora and fauna of the surrounding area, types of nature protection and learn about the cultural heritage of the region.

Workshops are devoted, among others, to water, soil and nature conservation research.

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