Archaeological Museum in Biskupin

biskupin. Archaeological Museum in Biskupin was established in 1950 year and today is one of the largest archaeological reserves in Europe, with an area of ​​38 ha. This place is visited by tourists 200 000 annually.

Biskupin Lake peninsula in 1994 the year was considered to be Monument of History.

On the premises of the Museum in Biskupin there are:

- some traces settlement from the Stone Age to the early Middle Ages

- remaining defensive settlement from the late Bronze Age and early the iron age, which are among the most important 100 group archaeological discoveries The twentieth century

- reconstructions of a defensive settlement, the camp of hunters and gatherers, the settlement of the first farmers, box graves and the Piast village

-Lata Patchen

At the Archaeological Museum in Biskupin, qualified educators conduct:

- museum lessons

-warsztaty

-shows for children, adolescents and adults devoted to archeology

The camp of hunters and gatherers

Traces of an 8-year-old campsite have been discovered on a sand dune near Lake Biskupin. Its visualization is located over a small pond. There you can see huts covered with reeds, an outer hearth and a boat made of one trunk, the so-called dugout.

The settlement of the first farmers

Around 6, a neolithic settlement existed in Biskupin a thousand years ago, which was partly reconstructed in the form of a few-foot-long "a long house", In which several related relatives could live.

The second such "long house" is a museum building, adapted for the exhibition "The epoch of the first farmers".

During the summer season and during archaeological events organized by Museum in Biskupinyou can meet handicraft performers here.

There is also a water spring, which served as a cult, as well as a plot with the cultivation of archaic plant species (chickpeas, lentils, spelled, squids, wheat and regular wheat, white and red millet, linen and flax).

Defensive settlement on the peninsula

Reconstruction of a defensive settlement from the turn of the Bronze and Iron Age, it includes a bridge, a gate, several sections of the embankment, a breakwater, two rows of huts and a street.

first excavation research and discoveries were made here in the twentieth century of the twentieth century.

Local teacher, Walenty Szwajcer, he discovered piles protruding from the water and informed about it prof. Józef Kostrzewski, an outstanding Polish archaeologist.

The settlement once consisted of 106 houses, arranged in 13 rows, separated by streets lined with wood, surrounded by a circular street and a rampart.

The settlement in Biskupin was built on the island and the only way to it was the bridge with the gate.

Dendrochronological research construction timber showed that it dates from the years 747-722 BC

The huts present the decor and furnishings from the Bronze and Iron Age.

In summer, you can meet the makers of ancient objects, dressed in period costumes and telling stories about life before 2700 years.

The huts are also held museum lessons.

Box graves

Two box graves were reconstructed, dated back to the 5th century BC, that is, after the fall of the local defensive settlement.

They depict the way of burial, in which urns with ashes of the dead, imitating human appearance, were laid in family tombs

Piast village

W Biskupinie found traces of settlement the early, among others stone hearths from the former homesteads of the village, which existed here in the X-XI century.

It was a settlement associated with a small castle existing at that time Biskupin peninsula.

Reconstruction of the village is a dozen or so houses, so-called hen huts with a hearth inside, without window openings. The interior of the huts shows everyday life in the early Piast period, that is, handicrafts, leather, corner, antler and bone processing, pottery, food production (bread oven), blacksmithing (forge), or tar production.

The Pałucka cottage - an ethnographic object

An example of Pałuki construction is a cottage from the eighteenth / nineteenth century moved from the nearby village of Biskupin and entered in the register of monuments.

The black chamber served as a kitchen and daily life took place here, food and tools were stored here. In the hall, or in the so-called the black kitchen was located bread oven. The white chamber, on the other hand, had a festive character.

In the farmstead in Biskupin, there is a reconstruction of a well with a crane, an apiary with imitations of old hives and a sculpture of Scarecrow, made during sculptural open air in the 70s.  

Zoo

Animals that are close to the breeds that live in these areas for centuries live in the extensive homesteads of the Biskupin Museum, where reconstructions of old objects associated with breeding are found.

They are bred here Polish horses, breed of horses originating from forest tarpans, heather sheep and goats, as well as cattle of the Polish Red breed

Cruise on the Passenger Ship "DIABEŁ WENECKI"

The cruise on Lake Biskupin lasts about 30 min.

The ship runs from the end of April to the end of September.

Pre-booking is required.

Museum lessons at the Archaeological Museum in Biskupin

- activities for pre-school, school and other organized groups

- duration: 45-60 minutes

-group can count up to 30 or 40 people

-from May to September, classes are held inside huts in the Biskupin reserve

-from October to April, lessons are conducted in heated museum rooms

-A earlier reservation is required

Museum lessons:

Glass stories - bead making workshops

-from 4 year of life

- how glass beads were created in prehistory

- from where the beads came to Poland and Biskupin

- a technique of glass melting

- make beads from pieces of colorful polymer clay and mosaic meshes

- a handmade necklace is a souvenir from classes

Become a resident of the prehistoric settlement - about everyday life in the Bronze Age

-from 6 year of life

- how the inhabitants of the prehistoric Biskupin settlement obtained food

- the lesson is conducted in a reconstructed hut with copies of household tools

-the participants grind the grain with a stone burr, make dough and bake flatbread

Without a nail and a screw - about how the defensive settlement in Biskupin was built

-from 7 year of life

-how and why a defensive settlement was established in Biskupin

-prevention construction techniques

-working tools for woodworking

-trees of trees used to build a settlement in Biskupin

-possibility to independently build a model of a Lusatian hut or a fragment of a defensive embankment

From shell to vessel - about the secrets of an archaeologist's work

-from 7 year of life

-is an archaeological site

- why archaeological sites should be protected

- from where archaeologists know where to conduct excavation research

- what an archaeologist's work is all about

- why there are so many pieces of ceramics in magazines

-how you can examine fragments of the vessels

Take-out pot - clay pot making workshops

-from 6 year of life

- when and how the first clay pots were made

- methods of making, decorating and firing dishes were known in the past

- why the pottery was dealt with by women

-the knowledge about prehistoric ceramics

- the opportunity to see replicas of prehistoric dishes from Biskupin

-hand-made clay souvenir

Hunting prehistoric

-from 9 year of life

-a hunting and hunting methods in prehistory

- how fire was fired in the past

- how the flint, from which tools were made, was processed

- application of stone products

- a practical prehistoric archery course

Ariadne's thread - a workshop of prehistoric weaving

-from 10 year of life

Where does the saying 'lose a thread' come from?

- weaving weaving in prehistory

-as the thread of the sheep's fleece was spun

- weaving on a mini weaving loom, the so-called bard

- a colorful woven beading, as a souvenir from classes

A pin, a pendant and a clasp - the art of decorating oneself in prehistory

-from 10 year of life

- of which the decorations were made in the past

natural sowers, bronze - as materials for decorations

- what jewelry the inhabitants of the settlement in Biskupin wore

- what features did jewelry and amulets have

- DIY copper wire ornament: pendant, pin or ring

From money to coin - the history of money

-from 10 year of life

- what is the difference between money and a coin

- why every coin is money, but not all money is a coin

-history of money

-value of money from the earliest times to medieval coinage

- the first Polish coins

- how the former mint operated

- self-copying of the early-Cretan coin

Antler hammer, bone needle

-from 10 year of life

- as the old inhabitants of Biskupin used antlers and bones

-What species of animals interested people the most

- old animals were different from contemporary ones

- whether it is easy to process leather, bone, horn and antlers with the old tools

exhibitions:

Time exhibition "Archaeological research in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship in the years 2017-2018". Presented here are the effects of archaeological work carried out in 2017-2018 in the province. kujawsko-pomorskie, as well as monuments acquired in their course.

Permanent exhibition - The Dawn of History at Lake Biskupin

The exhibition is devoted to the history of Biskupin and the settlement from the Paleolithic times to the Middle Ages.  

The epoch of the first farmers

The exhibition shows the cultural changes taking place in the Neolithic age, the role of agriculture and breeding in the development of human groups living here, their everyday life and rituals, as well as the techniques of producing utility items.

75 years of Biskupin research

The exhibition was created on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of archaeological research in Biskupin and tells about the history of the discovery of this archaeological site, pre-war excavations carried out with the use of innovative interdisciplinary methods, German war research and Polish post-war research.

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