Archaeological Museum in Biskupin

biskupin. Archaeological Museum in Biskupin was established in 1950 year and today is one of the largest archaeological reserves in Europe, with an area of ​​38 ha. This place is visited by tourists 200 000 annually.

Biskupin Lake peninsula in 1994 the year was considered to be Monument of History.

The Museum in Biskupin includes:

- some traces settlement from the Stone Age to the early Middle Ages

- remaining defensive settlement from the late Bronze Age and early the iron age, which are among the most important 100 group archaeological discoveries The twentieth century

-constructions of defensive settlement, hunters 'and gatherers' camp, settlements of the first farmers, box graves and the Piast village

-Lata Patchen

At the Archaeological Museum in Biskupin, qualified educators lead:

- museum lessons

-warsztaty

- shows for children, adolescents and adults dedicated to archeology

Encampment of hunters and pickers

On the sandy dune near Biskupinskie Lake, traces of the 8 camp from thousands of years ago were discovered. Its visualization is located above a small pond. You can see there there are huts covered with reed, an external firebox and a boat made of a single trunk, so-called. dugout.

The settlement of the first farmers

Around 6, a neolithic settlement existed in Biskupin a thousand years ago, which was partly reconstructed in the form of a few-foot-long "a long house", In which several related relatives could live.

The second such "long house" is a museum building, adapted for the exhibition "The epoch of the first farmers".

During the summer season and during archaeological events organized by Museum in Biskupinyou can meet handicraft performers here.

There is also a water spring, which served as a cult, as well as a plot with the cultivation of archaic plant species (chickpeas, lentils, spelled, squids, wheat and regular wheat, white and red millet, linen and flax).

Defensive settlement on the peninsula

Reconstruction of a defensive settlement from the turn of the Bronze and Iron Age, it includes a bridge, a gate, several sections of the embankment, a breakwater, two rows of huts and a street.

first excavation research and discoveries were made here in the twentieth century of the twentieth century.

Local teacher, Walenty Szwajcer, he discovered piles protruding from the water and informed about it prof. Józef Kostrzewski, an outstanding Polish archaeologist.

106 houses once consisted of 13 houses lined up in rows, separated by streets lined with wood, surrounded by a circular street and a defensive rampart.

The settlement in Biskupin was built on the island and the only way to it was the bridge with the gate.

Dendrochronological research drewna konstrukcyjnego wykazały, że pochodzi ono z lat  747-722 p.n.e.

The huts present the decor and furnishings from the Bronze and Iron Age.

In the summer, you can meet performers of old objects, dressed in costumes from the era and telling about life before 2700 years.

The huts are also held museum lessons.

Box graves

Two box graves were reconstructed, dated back to the 5th century BC, that is, after the fall of the local defensive settlement.

They depict the way of burial, in which urns with ashes of the dead, imitating human appearance, were laid in family tombs

Piast village

W Biskupinie found traces of settlement the early, among others stone hearths from the former homesteads of the village, which existed here in the X-XI century.

It was a settlement associated with a small castle existing at that time Biskupin peninsula.

Reconstruction of the village is a dozen or so houses, so-called hen huts with a hearth inside, without window openings. The interior of the huts shows everyday life in the early Piast period, that is, handicrafts, leather, corner, antler and bone processing, pottery, food production (bread oven), blacksmithing (forge), or tar production.

Chata Pałucka - an ethnographic facility

An example of Pałuki construction is a cottage from the eighteenth / nineteenth century moved from the nearby village of Biskupin and entered in the register of monuments.

The black chamber served as a kitchen and daily life took place here, food and tools were stored here. In the hall, or in the so-called the black kitchen was located bread oven. The white chamber, on the other hand, had a festive character.

In the Biskupin homestead there is a reconstruction of a well with a crane, an apiary with imitations of ancient hives and a sculpture of Scarecrow made of scarecrows made during sculptural plein-airs in the years 70 of the 20th century.  

Zoo

Animals that are close to the breeds that live in these areas for centuries live in the extensive homesteads of the Biskupin Museum, where reconstructions of old objects associated with breeding are found.

They are bred here Polish horses, breed of horses originating from forest tarpans, heather sheep and goats, as well as cattle of the Polish Red breed

Cruise on the Passenger Ship "DIABEŁ WENECKI"

The cruise on Lake Biskupin lasts about 30 min.

The ship runs from the end of April to the end of September.

Pre-booking is required.

Museum lessons at the Archaeological Museum in Biskupin

- activities for pre-school, school and other organized groups

- duration: 45-60 minutes

-group can count up to 30 or 40 people

- May to September classes take place inside the huts in the Biskupin reserve

- from October to April lessons are conducted in heated museum rooms

-A earlier reservation is required

Museum lessons:

Glass stories – warsztaty wyrobu paciorków

-from 4 year of life

- how glass beads were created in prehistory

- from where the beads came to Poland and Biskupin

- a technique of glass melting

- make beads from pieces of colorful polymer clay and mosaic meshes

- a handmade necklace is a souvenir from classes

Become a resident of the prehistoric settlement - about everyday life in the Bronze Age

-from 6 year of life

- how did the inhabitants of the prehistoric settlement of Biskupin gain food

- the selection is carried out in a reconstructed cottage, where there are copies of economic tools

- participants grind seeds with stone grits, make cakes and bake cakes

No nail or screw - about how a defensive settlement was built in Biskupin

-from 7 year of life

-how and why a defensive settlement was established in Biskupin

-prevention construction techniques

-working tools for woodworking

-trees of trees used to build a settlement in Biskupin

- possibility of building the model of the Lusatian hut or fragment of the defensive wall

From the shell to the vessel - about the secrets of the archaeologist's work

-from 7 year of life

-is an archaeological site

- why archaeological sites should be protected

- from where archaeologists know where to conduct excavation research

- what an archaeologist's work is all about

- why there are so many pieces of ceramics in magazines

-how you can examine fragments of the vessels

Take-out pot - workshops for making clay dishes

-from 6 year of life

- when and how the first clay pots were made

- as in the past, the methods of making, decorating and burning dishes were known

- why the pottery was dealt with by women

-the knowledge about prehistoric ceramics

- the opportunity to see replicas of prehistoric dishes from Biskupin

-hand-made clay souvenir

Hunting prehistoric

-from 9 year of life

-a hunting and hunting methods in prehistory

- how fire was fired in the past

- how the flint treatment was done, from which then the tools were made

- application of stone products

- a practical prehistoric archery course

Ariadne's thread - a workshop of prehistoric weaving

-from 10 year of life

Where does the saying 'lose a thread' come from?

- weaving weaving in prehistory

-as the thread of the sheep's fleece was spun

- weaving on a mini weaving loom, the so-called bard

- a colorful woven beading, as a souvenir from classes

Pin, pendant and clasp - the art of decorating in prehistory

-from 10 year of life

- of which the decorations were made in the past

natural sowers, bronze - as materials for decorations

- what jewelry the inhabitants of the settlement in Biskupin wore

- what features did jewelry and amulets have

- self-made ornamentation of copper wire: pendants, pins or rings

From money to coin - the history of money

-from 10 year of life

- what is the difference between money and a coin

- why every coin is money, but not every coin is a coin

-history of money

- the value of money from the earliest times to the medieval coinage

- the first Polish coins

- how the former mint operated

- self-copying of the early-Cretan coin

Antler hammer, bone needle

-from 10 year of life

- as the old inhabitants of Biskupin used antlers and bones

-What species of animals interested people the most

- old animals were different from contemporary ones

-the skin, bone, horn and antler processing using old tools is easy

exhibitions:

Time exhibition "Archaeological research in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship in the years 2017-2018". Presented here are the effects of archaeological work carried out in 2017-2018 in the province. kujawsko-pomorskie, as well as monuments acquired in their course.

Wystawa stała – Świt historii nad jeziorem biskupińskim

The exhibition is devoted to the history of Biskupin and the settlement from the Paleolithic to the Middle Ages.  

The epoch of the first farmers

The exhibition shows cultural changes taking place in the Neolithic era, the role of agriculture and breeding in the development of the human groups living here, their daily life and rituals, as well as the techniques of making functional objects.

75 years of Biskupin research

The exhibition was created on the occasion of the 75 anniversary of archaeological research in Biskupin and tells the story of the discovery of this archaeological site, pre-war excavation research, carried out using innovative interdisciplinary methods, German war research and Polish post-war research.

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