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Tuchola, the capital of Bory Tucholskie, is located in the northwestern part of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship. It is one of the oldest cities in Pomerania. The first written records about this place come from the 1287 year. At that time, the church was consecrated in Tuchola, and then the Teutonic Knights built a castle here.
The patron of the city is Saint. Margaret, who according to legend, protected the city, ordering defenders to throw bread at enemies. The invaders withdrew from the siege, thinking that the inhabitants had huge supplies of food. The medieval buildings of the city have been partially preserved until today.
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Detailed map of Tuchola Forests here
groats. Tëchòlsczé Bòrë
German: Tucheler Heide
Bory Tucholskie is one of the largest complexes of pine forests in Poland. On 3 thousand km² were:
- Biosphere trip
- 2000 Nature Area
-a nice promotional complex
In the Bory Tucholskie area inhabited by indigenous people: Borowiacy, Kaszubi, Kociewiacy and Krajniacy.
Tuchola Forests are found on sand sands. Numerous moraine hills, gutters, sand dunes, castles, lakes and river valleys appear here.
The main rivers are Brda and Wda.
Soils on which the Tuchola Forests occur are poor and sandy.
Tuchola Forests are often exposed to fires, parasites (Christmas tree, nun moth), whirlwinds and storms.
The stand of the Tucholskie Forests is made of beech and Scots pine, as well as deciduous trees such as oak, hornbeam, aspen and lime.
Unfortunately, the area of Tuchola Forests is increasingly overgrown with pine monoculture. Lake gutters are slowly turning into peat bogs or meadows. The vegetation of the undergrowth is also changing, where mud cranberry, swamp, mosses and sphagnum mire begin to dominate.
Bory Tucholskie inhabits many species of animals. The most numerous are deer, roe-deer, wild boars, foxes and wolves, and on the rivers, beavers. Birds include white-tailed eagles, ospreys, common cranes, mute swans, black grouses, capercaillies, peregrine falcons, gray herons, ravens, eagle owls and black storks.
Bores, lakes and wetlands are protected areas as the Natura 2000 area, the Great Sandra Brda, as well as the Bory Tucholskie Biosphere Reserve.
In 1996, the Bory Tucholskie National Park was created here, with an area of over 4600 ha.
Several landscape parks and reserves have been created in Tuchola Forest.
-Tucholski Landscape Park
-Wdecki Landscape Park
-Wdzydze Landscape Park
-Zaborski Landscape Park
–Marsh Mushroom protects plant communities of raised bogs together with the mainstay of forest animals, including position of the gray crane.
–Swamp over the Stalk they protect the low bog and habitat of many birds, including the crane.
–Chrobotkowy Forest is a reserve covering a forest, whose aim is to preserve the coniferous forest with a unique lichen flora.
–Tisza on the Czerska Struga is a forest reserve, covering the stands of the Common Yew.
–Old Polish Cisy them. Leon Wyczółkowski it is the largest yew cluster in Europe (around 4000 pieces). The thickest yew, Cis Brave, has an 250 cm circumference in the rings. This forest was an inspiration for the painter, Leon Wyczółkowski.
–Czapla Wierch it protects a fragment of the 200-year-old natural pine forest. The name comes from gray herons appearing here.
–Brda River Valley - the aim is to protect the boulders, slopes, cliffs and forest communities in the Brda River valley. The most precious is Piekiełko.
–Dury - this is a strict reserve in the Osie Forest District. It consists of 4 small dystrophic lakes and coastal peat vegetation belts.
–Goat's lakes is a reserve covering 4, mid-forest dystrophic lakes with transitional moor communities, protected plant sites and amphibians and reptiles occurring here.
–The Little Łowny Lake - the reserve protects the area of forests, swamps, peat bogs and lakes in the municipality of Chojnice.
–Lake Zdręczno - includes overgrowing eutrophic lake and peat bog complex.
–Stone circlese is an archaeological and natural reserve, located in the Czersk Forest District. Twelve stone circles with an unexplained function come from the Roman period. 50 species of mosses and lichens grow on circles.
–Ironworks - it is a forest reserve of damp forest.
–Aspen - it is a strict peatland reserve. There are here: peat bog, white speck, ordinary shrub, round-leaved sundew and orchid plants.
–Szczerkowo - protects the hornbeam. It grows here, among others rowanberry breccia.
–Snuggery - the forest reserve includes a fragment of a natural forest with the breccia rowan growing here.
–cloudy - it is a strict peat bog reserve, also protecting the low birch, which is a remnant of the post-glacial tundra.
–Sources of the River Stążki it protects a fragment of the Stążka river valley with its sources.
–Bory Tucholskie - Forest Promotional Complex - the aim is to promote forest management, nature protection and education.
In the landscape of Tuchola Forests, post-glacial forms and sandbank plains dominate. Area sculpture it is varied here with numerous post-glacial lakes and river valleys.
In the area of Bory Tucholskie prevails klimat Central European with Atlantic influence
The forest cover of communes in Bory Tucholskie is around 50%.
- mixed fresh
-an ordinary (95% of forest area)
- pedunculate oak
- sessile oak
- common horse
- sycamore maple
- ecological education
- history of forestry
- Dendrological Park "Nad Stążką" with "Summer Class" in Gołąbek
-Education and didactic path "Jelenia Wyspa"
"Bay" educational path
- green class
- "Grabowiec" path of nature and forestry
-farm and forest path "Rybno"
-The Natural-Forest Education Center
- "Green School" in Woziwoda
-natural and forest path "Nad Brdą"
- the longest aqueduct in Poland in Fojutów has 75 m wide, and the difference in height is around 9 m. It was built in 1848, made of stone and brick.
- stone circles in the village of Odry count from 15 to 33 m in diameter, and each circle has from 16 to 29 stones. There are also burial mounds here that discovered over 600 graves.
-900 lakes (on some it is possible to travel: yachts, kayaks, beach)
-hydroelectric plant in Samociążkach
The river is quite easy and available for kayaks along the 233 km. Rafting starts from the Lake of Big Pietrzykowskie near Miastko. It takes at least 8 days to cover the entire route. Karol Wojtyła visited Bory Tucholskie in the '50' years, participating in kayaking trips.
The exhibits collected in the room come from the Bory Tucholskie region. Borowiacy, who lived here every day, used wood, roots, straw and clay as a building material, as well as for the production of tools and equipment for everyday use. The oldest exhibits date from the 19th century.
Items on the exhibition are presented thematically: agricultural tools, spinning, weaving, beekeeping, forestry, household, military and numismatic items.
- hiking trails, e.g. the Red Kashubian Route Julian Rydzkowski, leading from Chojnice to Wiela
"Two naked swords", which Urlich von Jungingen presented to Jagielle at Grunwald, came from Tuchola.
In 1410, the offensive of Polish-Lithuanian troops ended with the siege of the Teutonic castle in Tuchola.
Also check: Polish objects on the UNESCO list