Thermal waters used in the Termy Mszczonów complex are rich in ...czytaj więcej
Bory Tucholskie with the capital Tuchola - located in the north-western part of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship. It is one of the oldest cities in Pomerania. The first written records of this place come from 1287. It was then that a church was consecrated in Tuchola, and then the Teutonic Knights built a castle here.
The patron saint of the city is St. Małgorzata, who, according to legend, protected the city by ordering the defenders to throw bread at their enemies. The invaders withdrew from the siege, believing that the inhabitants had an enormous supply of food. The medieval buildings of the town have partially survived to this day.
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Bory Tucholskie is one of the largest complexes of pine forests in Poland. For 3 thousand. km² includes:
- Biosphere trip
- 2000 Nature Area
-a nice promotional complex
In the Bory Tucholskie area inhabited by indigenous people: Borowiacy, Kaszubi, Kociewiacy and Krajniacy.
Tuchola Forests are found on sand sands. Numerous moraine hills, gutters, sand dunes, castles, lakes and river valleys appear here.
The main rivers are Brda and Wda.
The soils of Bory Tucholskie are poor and sandy.
Bory Tucholskie is often exposed to fires, parasites (Christmas tree, nun moth), tornadoes and storms.
The stand of the Tucholskie Forests is made of beech and Scots pine, as well as deciduous trees such as oak, hornbeam, aspen and lime.
Unfortunately, the area of Tuchola Forests is increasingly overgrown with pine monoculture. Lake gutters are slowly turning into peat bogs or meadows. The vegetation of the undergrowth is also changing, where mud cranberry, swamp, mosses and sphagnum mire begin to dominate.
Bory Tucholskie inhabits many species of animals. The most numerous are deer, roe-deer, wild boars, foxes and wolves, and on the rivers, beavers. Birds include white-tailed eagles, ospreys, common cranes, mute swans, black grouses, capercaillies, peregrine falcons, gray herons, ravens, eagle owls and black storks.
Bores, lakes and wetlands are protected areas as the Natura 2000 area, the Great Sandra Brda, as well as the Bory Tucholskie Biosphere Reserve.
In 1996, the Bory Tucholskie National Park was established here, with an area of over 4600 ha.
In the area of Bory Tucholskie, several landscape parks and reserves were also created.
-Tuchola Landscape Park
-Wdecki Landscape Park
-Wdzydzki Landscape Park
-Zaborski Landscape Park
-Marsh Mushroom protects plant communities of raised bogs together with the mainstay of forest animals, including position of the gray crane.
-Swamp over the Stalk they protect the low bog and habitat of many birds, including the crane.
-Bór Chrobotka is a forest reserve, the purpose of which is to preserve the lichen forest with its unique lichen flora.
-Tisza nad Czerska Struga is a forest reserve with the sites of the common yew.
-Yews Staropolskie them. Leon Wyczółkowski it is the largest concentration of yew trees in Europe (about 4000). The thickest yew, Yew Chrobrego, has a circumference of 250 cm in the ring. This forest was an inspiration for the painter Leon Wyczółkowski.
-Czapla Wierch it protects a fragment of the 200-year-old natural pine forest. The name comes from gray herons appearing here.
-Brda River Valley - the aim is to protect the boulders, slopes, cliffs and forest communities in the Brda River valley. The most precious is Piekiełko.
-Dury - it is a strict nature reserve in the Osie forest district. It is made up of 4 small dystrophic lakes and coastal strips of peat vegetation.
-Kozie lakes is a nature reserve covering 4 mid-forest dystrophic lakes with complexes of transitional mires, stands of protected plants and amphibians and reptiles occurring here.
-The Little Łowny Lake - the reserve protects the area of forest, marshes, peat bogs and lakes in the Chojnice commune.
-Lake Zdęczno - includes an overgrown eutrophic lake and a peat bog complex.
-Stone circlese is an archaeological and natural reserve, located in the Czersk forest district. Twelve stone circles of unknown function date from the Roman period. About 50 species of mosses and lichens grow on the vertebrae.
-Ironworks - it is a forest reserve of wet coniferous forest.
-Aspen - it is a strict peatland reserve. There are here: peat bog, white speck, ordinary shrub, round-leaved sundew and orchid plants.
-Szczerkowo - protects the hornbeam. Among others, service tree.
-Snuggery - the forest reserve includes a fragment of a natural forest with a service tree growing here.
-cloudy - it is a strict peat bog reserve, which also protects the low birch, which is a remnant of the postglacial tundra.
-The sources of the Stążka River it protects a fragment of the Stążka river valley with its sources.
-Bory Tucholskie - Promotional Forest Complex - the aim is to promote forest management, nature protection and education.
In the landscape of Tuchola Forests, post-glacial forms and sandbank plains dominate. Area sculpture it is varied here with numerous post-glacial lakes and river valleys.
In the area of Bory Tucholskie prevails klimat Central European with Atlantic influence
The forest cover of communes in Bory Tucholskie is about 50%.
- mixed fresh
- common pine (95% of the forest area)
- pedunculate oak
- sessile oak
- common horse
- sycamore maple
- ecological education
- history of forestry
- Dendrological Park "Nad Stążką" with "Summer Class" in Gołąbek
- nature and educational path "Jelenia Wyspa"
"Bay" educational path
- green class
- "Grabowiec" path of nature and forestry
-farm and forest path "Rybno"
-The Natural-Forest Education Center
- "Green School" in Woziwoda
-natural and forest path "Nad Brdą"
- the longest aqueduct in Poland in Fojutów has 75 m wide, and the difference in height is around 9 m. It was built in 1848, made of stone and brick.
- stone circles in the village of Odry count from 15 to 33 m in diameter, and each circle has from 16 to 29 stones. There are also burial mounds here that discovered over 600 graves.
-900 lakes (some of them allow tourism: yachts, canoes, beach)
-hydroelectric plant in Samociążkach
The river is fairly easy and accessible to kayaks for as much as 233 km. The canoeing trip starts from the Duży Pietrzykowski Lake near Miastko. You need at least 8 days to cover the entire route. Karol Wojtyła visited Bory Tucholskie in the 50s, participating in canoeing trips.
The exhibits collected in the chamber come from the Bory Tucholskie region. The Borowiacy who lived here used wood, roots, straw and clay as a building material on a daily basis, as well as for the manufacture of tools and appliances for everyday use. The oldest exhibits come from the XNUMXth century.
Items on display are thematically presented: agricultural tools, spinning, weaving, beekeeping, forest work, household, military and numismatic items.
- hiking trails, e.g. the red Kashubian Trail Julian Rydzkowski, leading from Chojnice to Wiela
The "two naked swords" that Urlich von Jungingen donated to Jagielle at Grunwald came from Tuchola.
In 1410, the offensive of Polish-Lithuanian troops ended with the siege of the Teutonic castle in Tuchola.
Also check: Polish objects on the UNESCO list