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Bystrzyca Kłodzka is a quiet and picturesque town in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship, located between the Bystrzyckie Mountains and the Śnieżnik Massif, in the heart of Kłodzko Valley. From here, it is not far to Lądek Zdrój, Kłodzko or Polanica Zdrój, and the border with the Czech Republic is only 15 km away.
Due to the special location of the city on the hillside, terraced buildings were created here, which create one of the most beautiful city panoramas, well visible from the right bank of the Nysa Kłodzka River. The streets and alleys of the town form picturesque passages and create a unique atmosphere.
Bystrzyca Kłodzka is one of the oldest cities of the Kłodzko Valley, as it was granted city rights as early as 1319. The original medieval urban layout and the remains of defensive walls from the beginning of the XNUMXth century have been preserved here. The attractions of Bystrzyca Kłodzka are also historic The Water Gate, the Kłodzko Tower and the Knight's Tower.
Church dedicated to Saint Michael the Archangel comes from the XNUMXth century and although it was rebuilt many times, it is one of the most interesting buildings of this type in Silesia.
The market square and surrounding streets are a perfect place for a walk, during which it is worth paying attention to the baroque style Holy Trinity Column and Renaissance and Baroque tenement houses from the 1556th and XNUMXth centuries. In the staircase of one of them there are paintings depicting the panorama of the former Bystrzyca Kłodzka. Other monuments of the city include a medieval tower next to the town hall, or a stone pillory from XNUMX, where punishments were previously carried out.
The natural vegetation of the Bystrzyca Kłodzka area is typical of the Sudeten Foothills. The forests are dominated by beech, Norway maple and broad-leaved lime, but meadows, fields and parks have already formed on large areas of broadleaved forests.
Among the animals there are mountain newts, spotted salamanders, rodents, hedgehogs and hares. The most common birds are passerines, pigeons, blackbirds and starlings.
The town owes its name to its location by the "rushing" water, that is, to the "rushing mountain stream", which proves that the settlement used to be closely related to the river in the past.
In documents as early as 1319, the German name of Bystrzyca Kłodzka appears - "Habelschwerdt"And perhaps comes from the city's location on a hill, at the confluence of two rivers, because the word"Hugel"Means" hill "and"Werder”Are clumps in the wetland. Other theories of the origin of the name of the city mention the legendary guard named Habel, guarding the road along the Nysa Kłodzka river, and Gawel from Lemberk, who, in turn, is credited with founding the city.
In 1319 it was already a royal town and an important craft center, and although in 1429 it was conquered and destroyed by the Hussites, it quickly flourished again, especially thanks to the development of cloth production.
In the 1742th century, Lutheranism began to spread in the city and Evangelicals constituted the majority of the city's inhabitants. The townspeople were often punished for their wrong religion. From 1945, Bystrzyca Kłodzka belonged to Prussia and it was only in XNUMX that it became part of Poland. The people living in the city were then displaced to Germany, and in its place, settlers from the east came to live.
Bystrzyca Kłodzka still delights with the preserved original medieval urban layout of the city located on the so-called "Raw root", that is, put on from the beginning and properly planned. The parish church was located at the highest point of the town, not near the market square, so that the approaching danger could be easily seen from the tower, while a defensive head of the reeve was built on the spur head. The market square was marked out in the shape of a trapezoid, and the hospital with a chapel and a shelter, as well as an infectious disease hospital, mills and farms were located outside the city.
Today, Bystrzyca Kłodzka is an important center of the wood, paper, matches and food industries.
Picturesque Bystrzyca Kłodzka has also become the open air for several films and series, including: "Four Tankers and a Dog", "Four in the morning in New York," "Season for bream" and "God's lining".
The attraction of Bystrzyca Kłodzka is definitely the only Philumenistic Museum in Poland, which collects matchboxes and items used to kindle a fire. It is situated in the buildings of the former Evangelical church
Every year at the beginning of May, the Florian Fair is organized in Bystrzyca Kłodzka. There are concerts and exhibitions then, and many unusual items can be bought at the stalls. Organized games and activities attract not only the youngest participants, but are also an attraction for the older ones.