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Black Caterpillar Pond (1624 m npm) in the Gąsienicowa Valley is a post-glacial lake picturesquely located in the High Tatras. In terms of depth, it is the fourth of the Tatra lakes.
Above the Black Pond, the peaks dominate Orla Perci and Kościelca.
The name of Czarny Staw comes from the almost black color of water, associated with the shading of water with mountain peaks and cyanobacteria, covering the stone shores of lakes, as well as Hala Gąsienicowafrom which this joint comes from.
The name distinguishes it from the Black Pond in the Valley of Five Polish Ponds and the Black Pond under Rysy.
Black Pond it is covered with ice often from October to June.
- blue - from Murowaniec (30 minutes)
- blue - along the eastern shore of the Pond, near Zmarzły Pond, to Zawrat (1,5 h)
-yellow - on the eastern shore of the lake, it departs from the blue one and leads to the Extreme Granat (1,45 h)
-black - at the northern shore of the pond leads to Mały Kościelec, to the Karb Pass and Kościelec (40 minutes)
Czarny Staw was the subject of paintings, among others Alfred Schouppé, Wojciech Gerson and Leon Wyczółkowski.
In the 1884-1920 years, a small, bicameral hostel was operating on the shore of Czarny Staw.
Black Pond under Rysy (Czarny Staw on the Sea Eye) is a Tatra post-glacial lake located in the Valley of Rybiego Potok, at the altitude of 1583 m above sea level.
Shadows cast by the peaks give the waters almost black color, hence the name of the pond.
It is the southernmost lake in Poland, which in the deepest place has 76,4 m.
Walls rise above Czarny Staw the pulpit.
From 1883, the Black Pond from the Sea Eye was tried to fill the Black Pond, but this did not result because of harsh living conditions and lack of food.
The Black Pond freezes in October and the ice cover stays here until June, sometimes even up to July.
The temperature of the water in Czarny Staw is 7-11,5 ° C in summer, and the shaded banks are also chilly on hot summer days.
The edges of Czarny Staw are overgrown with endemic vegetation, among others: sinneriform saxifrage, Alpine thistle, three-mesh sieve, Lachenal sedge and Tatra mountain grass.
Czarny Staw already in 1804 was examined by Stanisław Staszic.
In winter, at Czarny Staw, it was the first to arrive in the 1910 year of Fr. Walenty Gadowski.
- red - to PTTK hostels at the Morskie Okoand then on the east bank of Morskie Oko to the threshold of Czarny Staw (50 min) and further to Rysów peak (3 h)
-green - from the Black Pond to Kazalnica and Mięguszowiecka Przełęcz pod Chłopkiem (2,5 h)
The iron cross, which was placed over the Black Pond in the 1836 year, is characteristic.
The Black Pond under Rysy is considered one of the most beautiful in the Tatras. This is due to the surroundings and beautiful views extending from this place. Approach to Czarny Staw leads alongside the cascade of the Czarnostawska Siklawa.
Czarny Staw is often an extension of the trip to Morskie Oko, and also a point on the way to Rysy.
Black Pond of Poland is a post-glacial Tatra lake located in the Valley of Five Polish Ponds. The mirror of Czarny Staw is located at the altitude of 1722 m above sea level, and its depth is 50,4 m.
Excess water is discharged to the Wielki Staw by a stream that creates numerous backwaters and hammers, ie wet meadows. There are many species of swamp and peaty plants growing here.
- yellow - leads from the crossing of routes in the Dolina Pięciu Stawów Valley, next to the lake, to Szpiglasowa Przełęcz (1:45 h).