giewont

Giewont is a mountain range in the Western Tatras. It has a height of 1894 m above sea level and a length of 2,7 km. Its main peak is the Great Giewont.

Giewont is in between The Bystra Valley, The Kondratowa Valley, The valley of Mała Łąka, in Dolina Strążyska and Zakopane it is perfectly visible.


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The Giewont massif consists of three parts:

Of the Great Giewont with a height of 1894 m above sea level, Little Giewont - 1728 m npm and Long Giewont - 1867 m above sea level

From the north, Giewont is steep and difficult to access.

Between the Great and Little Giewont, at the height of 1680 m, there is Giewonck Passfrom which falls, notorious, Kirkor's gully.

Between the Great and the Long Giewont there is a deep pass called Gapfrom which it falls Gully Szczerby.

Despite the relatively low altitude, Giewont is a great vantage point, and its rocky top has an alpine character.

Cross

On Giewont is located 15-meter metal cross, funded by the residents of Zakopane and placed at the summit in 1901 year, on the occasion of the 1900 anniversary of the birth of Jesus Christ. It is a religious pilgrimage site, but it also creates a huge threat during a storm.

Geology

Giewont massif they build sedimentary rocks: limestones and dolomites, created in the Triassic, Jura and Cretaceous.

Na Kondrackiego Przełęcz there are metamorphic rocks: gneisses and biotite schists, and further, in the area of ​​elevation of the summit, terrestrial sandstones with overflowing siltstones and conglomerates are exposed.

Above, there are shallow-sea dolomites with limestone overcuts.

Peak parts of Giewont are built by Jurassic limestones.

The lower parts of the northern slopes are formed by chalk limestones with numerous ammonites present in them.

Vegetation

The Giewont massif is located within Tatra National Park.

The limestone substrate occurs rich flora of limestone plants. The presence of rare plants in Poland has been found here: grasshopper, broadleaf horn, orange mango, Hoppe's greyhound, javelin willow, Silesian hawk, Hungarian hymenoptera, rutolist and alpine primitive, and many of them occur only in the Tatra Mountains. In the lower parts of Giewont, mountain pine grows.

chamois

The walls of Giewont are one of the few places in the Polish Tatras where chamois can survive the winter.

Name

Already documents from the sixteenth century mention about Gyewant copper mine in Giewont. Ultimately, however, there is no scientific explanation for the name giewont. Probably the name derives from German, perhaps from a word wall - wall, rock.

Originally, the mountain was called Gewand - a group of rocks, or - Gähwandor steep rock.

It is also possible that, like many other Tatra names, the name of the mountain comes from the names of the highlanders living here, because up to now there is the Giewont family.

Legend

The outline of Giewont seen from Zakopane is associated with the silhouette sleeping knightand the legend about the knights sleeping under Giewont says that they will wake up when Poland is in need.

These stories are associated with numerous caves in the walls of Giewont. These include: Jaskinia Zawaliskowa in Długi Giewoncie, Well in Giewont, Juhaska Cave, Cave of Sleeping Knights, Cave of Sleeping Knights Wyżnia, Goat Grotto, Dziura in Szczerbie, Ruda Nyża, or Dziura on Dolina Strążyska.

Climbing

In the northern walls of Giewont there are many climbing routes, attractive for mountain-climbers, but they are located in a protected area.

Tourist routes

You can reach the top of Wielki Giewont with three tourist routes:

blue: from Kuźnice through Kalatówki, Dolina Kondratowa, next to the hostel PTTK on the Kondratowa Hala and Kondracka Przełęcz

Transition time: 2: 55 h, ↓ 2: 15h

red from the Strążyska Valley through Polana Strążyska and Przełęcz in Grzybowiec to Wyżnia Kondracka Przełęcz, and from there on the blue route

Time of passage from the outlet of the Strążyska Valley to the pass: 3 h, ↓ 2: 20 h

Time of transition from the pass to the top of Giewont: 15 min, ↓ 10 min

yellow from Gronik through Dolina Małej Łąki to Kondracka Przełęcz, then along the blue route

Time of transition from Chronicle to pass: 2: 45 h, ↓ 2: 05 h

Time of transition from the pass to the top of Giewont: 30 min, ↓ 20 min

The route runs without major technical difficulties to the Wyższa Kondracka Przełęcz, while the last, sub-peak section is more difficult.

The trail from the Kondracka Pass to Giewont runs along a rocky ridge overgrown with mountain pine. Initially, the stone road up is quite comfortable. After about 20 minutes, passing the Wyżnia Kondracka Przełęcz, a one-way trail starts to the right, uphill. The approach to the summit is fairly exposed and requires protection chains. The stones on the road are slipped by thousands of tourists, so be careful, especially after the rain. The return journey leads on the other side.

In high season, in good weather, they form here queue, because Giewont belongs to the most popular peaks of the Tatras.

Accidents

Giewont is also known for many fatal accidents. Some of them were caused by bad weather conditions and atmospheric discharges. Some, however, happened after the tourists chose the way down, running beyond the designated routes. There were also suicides. Only up to 2004 year, more than 70 died on Giewont.

Many accidents occur when crossing the designated route of the Kirkor Gully. This gully falls from the Giewontsk Pass to the Strążyska Valley and once it was covered by a tourist trail, designated in the 1902 by Michał Kirkor and Kazimierz Brzozowski. However, this trail is so dangerous that it has been closed.

Weather

The weather in the mountains is very changeable. If approaching the Giewont approaching a storm, you should definitely give up on further wanderings. Every year, there are cases of tourists being struck by lightning during a rehearsal capture Giewont during a stormstanding on top The steel cross attracts electric discharges.

Country Poland
Region: Western Tatras

Difficulty: a section of entry and descent from the summit insured with a chain
Entry routes:
- from the Strążyska Valley
- from the Valley of Mała Łąka
- from Kasprowy Wierch (entry by cable car)
from Kuźnice through Hala Kondratowa

Accommodations

Zakopane and around

Worth a visit: Bukovina thermal baths


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