The Bear's Cave in Kletno

Bear's Cave in Kletno is the longest cave in the Sudetes. It is located in the Śnieżnik Massif, in the Kleśnica valley. It was discovered during the operation of a marble quarry in 1966. At that time, mining was discontinued, and scientists from the Geographical Institute of the University of Wrocław began exploring the area.

About 20 bony remains of Pleistocene animals have been found in the cave, such as the cave bear, cave lion, gray wolf, cave hyena, fox, marten and small mammals.

Bear's Cave

The collection of cave bear remains is the richest collection of this type found in Poland.

Due to the fact that the largest number of found remains belong to cave bear, this cave was called the Bear's Cave.

Bear's Cave

In the Bear Cave, there are numerous and various dripstone forms: stalactites hanging from the ceiling, stalagmites rising from the bottom, stalagnates or dripstone columns created by combining the previous ones, chandeliers, domes, cascades and thin macaroni hanging from the ceiling. Water drops flowing on the unevenness of the cave ceiling create beautiful draperies and calcite curtains.

Apart from these forms, the Bear Cave also has a unique dripstone form at the bottom of the cave, the so-called necrotic bowls filled with water, on the bottom of which hedgehogs and calcite flowers form, forms similar to a coral reef, rice fields or cauliflower.

At the bottom of the cave there are also rare cave pearls, i.e. pizzoids. The calcite increment is estimated at approximately 1 mm3 per 10 years.

Evidence of the further progress of this process is the skeleton of a bat, which over time becomes less and less visible under the layers of calcite.

Kletno Bear Cave is considered to be one of the most beautiful caves in Poland and still has enormous exploration potential.

Bear's Cave

The Niedźwiedzia Cave is situated within the territory of the Niedzwiedzia Cave nature reserve with an area of ​​89 ha, established in 1977 to protect the cave, the forest growing in the buffer zone and the karst phenomena occurring here.

The reserve is covered with a beech and spruce forest with an admixture of fir and larch. In the undergrowth, we can find limestone-loving plants, such as monkshood, larkspur, Tatra sesleria, and shining draki.

Bear's Cave

Sightseeing

The cave was opened to the public in 1983.

The entrance to the Bear's Cave is located at an altitude of 800 m above sea level, and the corridors have a total length of more than 5 km and are located on 3 levels. The depth of the cave is over 100 meters.

A route with a length of about 360 meters has been made available for sightseeing.

The tourist route runs along the middle of the cave and is well prepared for sightseeing, illuminated and comfortable.

The tour takes approximately 45 minutes.

Opening hours

Bear's Cave: 9.00am to 16.40pm

The cave is open all days of the week, except Mondays and Thursdays (on Thursdays it is open from May to August)

Due to the protection of the cave's microclimate, the number of entries per day is limited, and each group may have a maximum of 15 people.

For individuals and organized groups wishing to visit the Bear's Cave Nature Reserve, booking is therefore advisable.

At the Bear's Cave, available dates may be distant and it is worth checking before your arrival. There is no certainty that people without a reservation or late people will enter the cave.

Reserved tickets must be picked up at the ticket office 15 minutes before the scheduled entrance.

tickets

Bear Cave tickets can be purchased online, booked through the booking form or by phone. Payment for tickets can be made at the ticket office in cash or by payment card before the tour.

The Bear's Cave ticket price list is available here

For disabled people, in wheelchairs, a route has been prepared that does not require climbing steep stairs. The Bear Cave is the first cave in Poland accessible to the disabled.

Disabled people, wheelchair users can drive directly to the square in front of the entrance pavilion.

The cave has a constant temperature of about 6 degrees Celsius and air humidity reaching 100%.

Drive

Unfortunately, due to the fact that the Bear Cave is located in the nature reserve, it is impossible to reach the place by car, i.e. the very entrance to the cave (except for the disabled).

Jaskinia Niedźwiedzia parking dla samochodów osobowych i autokarów znajduje się 1,5 kilometra poniżej pawilonu wejściowego, w którym mieszczą się również kasy biletowe, ekspozycja Centrum Edukacji Przyrodniczej – Jaskinia Niedźwiedzia, kawiarnia i punkt informacyjno-edukacyjny o Masywie Śnieżnika. Do jaskini z parkingu dochodzimy pieszo. Czas dojścia z parkingu wynosi około 30 min.

Interesting facts

About 200 bats belonging to 6 species live in the Bear Cave. They live mainly in the Lower Tiers of the cave, but are also often found on the tour route.

An almost complete cave lion skull was found in the Cave Lion Hall. Here you can also see the yet uncleaned bones of Pleistocene animals.

In the room with the cave bear's skeleton there is a cross-section of the silt, that is, the Pleistocene Animals Cemetery. The already mentioned skeleton of the cave bear, the largest bear ever living on Earth, is also located here. An adult individual could weigh up to 900 kg. Cave bears became extinct about 28 thousand. years ago.

The colorful glazes that can be seen during the tour owe their colors to admixtures of various metals. In one of these calcite glazes, the skeleton of a bat is embedded.

In the Palace Hall, tourists can admire the show "light and sound".

There is also a stuck skeleton of a cave bear on the tour.

Bear's Cave extreme route to idealna oferta dla osób chcących wcielić się w rolę grotołaza i pod opieką członków Sekcji Speleologicznej „NIEDŹWIEDZIE” z Kletna podążyć śladami pierwszych odkrywców tej jaskini.

The route is intended for adults (from 16 years of age under the care of a parent), slim and physically fit people.

The cost of entry for 1 person is PLN 200. The price includes the care of a guide, speleological suit, helmet, lighting and protective gloves. Please bring your own changeable footwear. Groups are from 2 to 6 people.

Walking time with preparation is about 3 hours.

Szymbark

szymbark

Szymbark (in Kashubian Szimbark) is a village in the Pomeranian Voivodeship, ...

czytaj więcej

Comments

mood_bad
  • There are no comments
  • chat
    Add a comment