Ojcowski National Park

Ojcowski National Park znajduje się w Lesser Poland Voivodeship, around 16 km from Krakow. It is located in the area of ​​four communes:

-Scale

-Jerzmanowice – Przeginia

-Great Village

-Sułoszowa

It is the smallest of the Polish national parks, and its symbol is the bat.

Are you looking for a luxury hotel in Krakow or the Lesser Poland province? Check our offer >>

Ojcowski Park Narodowy – opis

Already at the beginning of the 19th century, the rich flora and fauna of the Prądnik Valley were delighted and the local caves were explored.

However, the legislation at that time completely ignored the issues of nature protection. Therefore, valuable fertilizer material was extracted from caves with impunity and rock formations were broken off.

In the interwar period, the State Council for Nature Conservation was established. Its boss became prof. dr Władysław Szafer, who developed the first natural monograph on the Prądnik and Sąspowska Valleys.

It was planned to create a nature reserve in this area, which, in addition to protecting the treasures of nature, was also to serve as a scientific research area, and to be a source of unforgettable aesthetic impressions for tourists and vacationers.

However, it was only after the end of World War II that the efforts to legal protection of the area were resumed, i.e. the creation of a nature reserve or the National Park in Ojców was planned.

W dniu 14 stycznia 1956 r. został utworzony szósty w Polsce – Ojcowski Park Narodowy. Dziś jego powierzchnia wynosi 2145,62 ha, a powierzchnia strefy ochronnej, zwanej otuliną to dodatkowe 6777 ha.

How to visit the Ojców National Park?

The total length of tourist paths running through Ojców National Park is 46,6 km.

On some sections of the trails in the Ojców National Park you can move not only on foot, but also by bike. These routes are marked accordingly.

Attractions of Ojców National Park and the surrounding area

- hermit's hut in the Sukiennice rock

- Jonaszówka rock at the junction of the Prądnik Valley and Sąspowska Valley, i.e. a perfect viewpoint for the Ojców castle

-The Source of Love is a natural source that originates at the Krakowska Gate, but the water flows from a specially built pedestal. Legend says that those in love who drink water from this source will love each other for the rest of their lives.

-Source of St. John

-willa „Pod Koroną”, gdzie mieszkała kiedyś Jadwiga Łuszczewska (Deotyma)

- the needle of Deotyma, named in memory of Jadwiga Łuszczewska, who wrote under the pseudonym "Deotyma". The writer lived in the nearby villa "Under the Crown".

-plantation of paternal birch, endemic occurring only in this area

- ruins of a medieval father's castle from the time of Casimir the Great, which was once part of the fortifications, the so-called Eagles' Nests

-kaplica „Na Wodzie” p.w. św. Józefa Robotnika, wybudowana w 1901 roku na miejscu dawnych łazienek zdrojowych. Wg tradycji, gdy rosyjski zaborca zakazał budowy obiektów sakralnych na ojcowskiej ziemi, sprytni mieszkańcy wybudowali kapliczkę nad rzeką Prądnik

-Osada Młynarska Boroniówka – zabytkowy, ale działający młyn i tartak wodny. Jest to  miejsce, gdzie odbywają się zajęcia edukacyjne, warsztaty i imprezy plenerowe

-Grodzisko – kościół i pustelnia bł. Salomei na skale Długiej

- Maczuga Herkules's rock with a cross at the top, commemorating her first conquest in 1933.

- Castle in Pieskowa Skała - a branch of the Wawel Museum

- buildings of mills from the 19th century (Boronia, Katarzyński, Natkańca, Tarnówka) and the first half of the 20th century (Bosaka, Krzemień, Krzystanka, Mosura, Wilka)

- Castle Park

-Cave Dark

-The Elbow Group

- Krakowska Gate, where according to legend, the pillars of the gate are slowly approaching each other. When they merge, the end of the world will come, so tourists will support the rocks with branches and sticks just in case. The name comes from the medieval trade route leading from Krakow.

-budynki dawnych hoteli: „Pod Łokietkiem” i „Pod Kazimierzem”

-The Museum of the Ojców National Park with an exhibition of nature, housed in the former Hotel "Pod Łokietkiem"

-traditional paternal trout farming carried out in the Ojców National Park

- Maiden Rocks, name of the rocks in memory of the Poor Clares fleeing Tatars from the monastery in Zawichost. Defending themselves against dishonor, they asked God to turn them into rocks

-Bachelor Rocks - rocks opposite the Maiden Rocks. The name of these rocks was given "so that the maidens would not be sad"

-skałka Rękawica – wg legendy powstała, gdy miejscowa ludność schowała się w jaskini przed Tatarami, a Bóg zasłonił wejście do groty własną dłonią

-Villa Koziarnia - a landed manor house built of stone and wood in the interwar period

-Wzgórze Okopy – gród obronny w Dolinie Prądnika, gdzie do naszych czasów pozostały jedynie ślady wałów i fosy

-Krokoszówka – winnica w Smardzowicach, należąca do Małopolskiego Szlaku Winnego

Geology

The rocks in the Ojców National Park are built by the Upper Jurassic limestones, which were created from the skeletons of sea-dwelling organisms that once existed in this area. Rocky limestone forms numerous rock forms here, and sandbar limestone fills the areas between them.

The limestone substrate was conducive to the formation of caves, which were added to more than 500 in the Ojców National Park. They were formed as a result of karst effects of waters.

The longest are: Łokietka and Ciemna Caves, which have been made available to tourists as well as Zbójecka, Okopa Wielka Dolna, Sąspowska, Krakowska, Biała and Koziarnia.

Bats winter in the caves in Ojców National Park.

The caves were once used by prehistoric people, whose traces of existence were found in many of them, and the oldest in the Dark Cave, come from the period 120 - 115 thousand. years BC.

Vegetation in the Ojców National Park

The richness of flora consists of about 950 species of vascular plants, more than 230 species of mosses and liverworts, 1200 mushroom varieties and about 200 types of lichen, and 84 plant species are under protection here.

There are more than 30 plant communities here, and the largest area of ​​Ojców National Park is covered by forests and thickets. On the rocks there are xerothermic grasslands, and on the bottom of the valleys alluvial forest and meadows. 

Fauna of the Ojców National Park

The number of animal species found in the Ojców National Park, as well as its buffer zone, is estimated at 11 thousands. The symbol of the Ojców National Park is a bat. Due to the excellent living conditions in the caves, there are as many as 17 species of these animals here.

The Ojców National Park is inhabited by many species of large mammals, 120 bird species, including breeding 94, in addition to amphibians, reptiles and fish.

Najliczniejsze są bezkręgowce: owadów jest tutaj ponad 5000 gatunków i wiele gatunków  mięczaków.

218 animal species occurring in Ojców National Park are protected by law.

There are over 50 in the park wywierzysk called springs, as well as two permanent watercourses: Prądnik flowing into the Vistula and its tributary - stream Sąspówka.

Sample routes in the Ojców National Park

-Szlak Orlich Gniazd – odcinek od Prądnika Korzkiewskiego przez Dolinę Prądnika do Zamku Pieskowa Skała

-Szlak Doliny Sąspowskiej – parking na Zlota Góra, fathers, next to the Słupek rock, next to the Dark Cave, above thehorn rock, viewpoint on the Crown Mountain, Wapiennik rock, the bottom of the Prądnik Valley at the outlet of the Smardzowicki Gorge

- Route from the parking lot on Złota Góra by Ojców, next to Jonaszówka, to the Łokietek Cave

Map of Ojców National Park

Map of Ojców National Park allows you to search for interesting places, find accommodations and tourist attractions, as well as parking lots.

Map of Ojców National Park

Parking lots in the Ojców National Park

- in Ojców, under the castle ruins

- Golden Mountain Fathers

- Dog rock

- in the Pradnik Valley, 500 m from OPN

- in Smardzowice, near the loop of the 267 line

Ojców National Park - price list

Entrance to the Ojców National Park is free. Car parks and entry fees to visited facilities are paid (Pieskowa Skała Castle, Ojców Castle, OPN Museum, caves)

Ojców National Park - interesting facts

In 2014, the stream trout farm was restored in Ojców, which is today carried out by traditional methods and refers to the breeding carried out here in the years of 30. Of the 20th century.

The Krokoszówka vineyard is located in Smardzowice, near the Ojców National Park and is located on the route of the Lesser Poland Vineyard Trail. You can visit the vineyard and taste the wines produced here.   

The oldest traces of prehistoric man's existence were found in the Dark Cave, and they date back to 120 thousands of years.

Of the 25 species of bats living in Poland, 17 species inhabit the caves of the Ojców National Park.

In the Maszycka Cave, evidence was found that people living there 13 thousands of years BC practiced cannibalism.

Grota Łokietka – tutaj, wg tradycji, ukrył się przed wojskami czeskiego króla Wacława II,  Władysław Łokietek. Jedzenie przez 6 tygodni dostarczano mu przez otwarty ku górze korytarz wstępny, a główne wejście do jaskini zasnute było pajęczą siecią, co zmyliło pogoń.

Kaplica „Na Wodzie” wybudowana zamiast na terenie Ojcowa, nad rzeką Prądnik, jak „chciał” rosyjski zaborca.

Accommodation in the Ojców National Park

Are you looking for a luxury hotel in Krakow or the Lesser Poland province? Check our offer >>

-agroturystyka

-Guest rooms

-campsite

Villa

Szymbark

szymbark

Szymbark (in Kashubian Szimbark) is a village in the Pomeranian Voivodeship, ...

czytaj więcej

Comments

mood_bad
  • There are no comments
  • chat
    Add a comment