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Transition Orla Perci is the dream of every mountain tourist. This is one of the most well-known tourist routes on the Polish side Tatras. It runs through the slopes, ridge, through passes, peaks and ridges of the High Tatras.
Orla Perć is located entirely on the Polish side of the Tatra Mountains and leads from Zawrat (2158 m above sea level) after Krzyżne (2112 m above sea level). This trail requires very good physical condition, resistance to large exposure, knowledge of the principles of climbing and experience in moving around in the rock terrain. Despite the fact that the Orla Perć trail is a difficult one, there is a lot of tourist traffic in the season.
Today's Orla Perci route is different from the old route, marked out over 100 years ago.
Ten the longest trail in the High Tatras passes through the eastern ridge Świnica and is considered to be najtrudniejszy i najniebezpieczniejszy w całych Tatrachas well as in the Polish mountains.
The Orla Perć trail is marked in red.
Na szlaku znajdują się ułatwienia, takie jak łańcuchy, klamry i dwie stalowe drabinki, lecz pomimo tego jest nadal uważany za nieodpowiedni dla początkujących turystów górskich. Na Orlej Perci występują też liczne exhibitions, dlatego trasa ta jest odradzana osobom z lękiem wysokości.
A good idea is to go Orlej Perci route in two days, with overnight stay in shelter.
-Kasprowego Wierchu i Świnicy – red trail along the ridge, difficult route, exposed, with chains and clasps, transition time: 2: 25 h
-Doliny Gąsienicowej ze schroniska „Murowaniec” – blue trail na Zawrat, trasa trudna, eksponowana, z łańcuchami, czas przejścia: 2:20 h
- yellow trail na Goat's Pass - difficult route, chains, transition time: 2 h
-yellow trail under the top Extreme Grenade - route not too difficult, transition time: 2: 25 h
-blue trail on Zawrat - a route with little difficulty, passage time: 1: 40 h
-yellow trail on the Koz Przełęcz - difficult route, chains, braces, transition time: 1: 50 h
-black trail na Kozi Wierch - moderately difficult and tedious route, transition time: 1: 55 h
-yellow trail to Krzyżne - route not too difficult, transition time: 2: 05 h
Conquering Zawrat from Hala Gąsienicowa is harder than the trail leading from the Valley of Five Ponds.
The most difficult part of Orla Perć is the route from Zawrat to Kozi Wierch.
A popular variant of getting to Zawrat is the red trail from Świnica, which, however, can not be closed until the fall of May in 2018.
Odcinek pomiędzy Świnicą a Zawratem, również oznakowany na czerwono, nie jest częścią Orlej Perci.
-schronisko „Murowaniec” na Hala Gąsienicowa
-schronisko w The Valley of Five Polish Ponds
The passage of the entire Orla Perci trail takes about 6-8 in the summer. You also have to count the time for rest and meal. It must not be forgotten that you have yet to come to Zawrat and leave Krzyżne, and this will take extra time.
The trail on Orla Perć was opened in 1906 year and today many popular routes lead to this area. As part of the celebration of the completion of the trail, in the wall of Zawratowa Turnia, a figurine of the Mother of God was placed, which has survived to this day.
Na pomysł wytyczenia szlaku Orla Perć wpadł Franciszek Henryk Nowicki. Szlak przygotowano w latach 1903–1906 nakładami Towarzystwo Tatrzańskiego and a priest Valentine Gadowski, a great lover of the Tatras. Help was also provided Jakub Gąsienica Wawrytko, Clement Bachled and a few other highlanders. From 1932, the section from Krzyżne to Polana near Wołoszyn is closed due to nature protection.
W zimie 1932 roku, jako pierwsi, przeszli ten odcinek Witold Henryk Paryski i Tadeusz Pawłowski. The Orla Perć trail in its current form, from Zawratów to Krzyżne, in the winter of the year 1949, was the first to pass Zbigniew Jaworowski i Andrzej Manda.
Recently, it was proposed to dismantle the clasps and chains located on the Orla Perć trail so that it is accessible only to people with climbing experience. However, it was recognized that this is a historical route and should be left in its current form. Many accidents on the Orla Perć trail have happened during the passing of tourists going in opposite directions, so in July 2007 the year introduced a one-way traffic on the section from Zawrat to Kozi Wierch.
from the time of Orla Perci's creation, there were more than 140 fatalities here
- the number of accidents in the Tatras at this time is around 800
-w latach 1995-2004 wypadki na Orlej Perci to 5 % wszystkich wypadków w Tatrach, a śmiertelne to aż 15 %
- the most dangerous sections are around Zawrat and Kozia Przełęcz
- slipping on snow, wet or slippery rocks
-hinds of falling stones
- fitness condition
- wrong planning of the trip
-not counting with your own strength
- lack of recognition of weather conditions
-the final preparation of the equipment
To gain Eagles Perć in winter, you need a lot of skills and experience, as well as the right equipment. Weather forecast and avalanche warnings should be checked before heading to the trail.
-morning from breathable and quick-drying materials
- trekking shoes made of waterproof and breathable material
- membrane membrane for protection against rain
-warm and leather gloves without fingers, useful when using chains
- winter hat, because even in the summer temperatures in the Tatras fall to 0 st.C
-first aid kit
- climbing helmet
-polar, because the route runs in the shade
- mountain school
-6 September 2018 Filip Babicz z Zakopanego przebiegł Orlą Perć od Zawratu po Krzyżne w czasie 1 godz. 04 min. 23 s. Poprzedni rekord Piotra Łobodzińskiego został pobity o ponad 12 min.