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Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw is the tallest and most recognizable building in the capital, visible from almost anywhere in the city.
It was established in 1955 after the decision Joseph Stalin about the construction of the building as "a gift of the Soviet people to the Polish nation".
He made the project of the skyscraper Lew Rudnew after getting acquainted with the existing architecture in Poland. For this purpose, he visited, among others Krakow and Zamość, getting to know Polish monuments.
Construction began on May 1, 1952 and July 22, 1955 Józef Cyrankiewicz he personally cut the ribbon with gilded scissors and opened the Palace of Culture and Science for the public.
About 3500 workers from the Soviet Union and about 4000 Polish workers worked on the construction site. An estate of small wooden houses was built especially for visitors in Warsaw's Jelonki. There is also a cinema, a canteen, a common room and a swimming pool for residents.
Varsovians watched the progress of construction works from a special viewing platform located near the Warszawa Śródmieście railway station.
The first name of the building was "The Palace of Culture and Science named after Joseph Stalin".
The Palace of Culture and Science was the pride of People's Poland. Various meetings, events and events took place here, including congresses of the Polish United Workers' Party.
Palace of Culture and Science Plac Defilad Warszawa is a place commonly called by Warsaw residents "Beijing", From the abbreviation of the building name, that is Palace of Culture.
In the times of the People's Republic of Poland, all important guests visiting the capital were invited here: Kim Il-sung, Gagarin, Nikita Khrushchev, the leader of Vietnam Ho Chi Min, and the leader of Yugoslavia, Josip Broz-Tito.
Marlena Dietrich, Ella Fitzgerald, Jan Kiepura, The Rolling Stones and Paul Anka have performed in the Congress Hall of the Palace of Culture and Science.
Today, the Palace of Culture and Science is a bone of contention among the inhabitants of Warsaw, some cannot imagine their capital without it, others believe that, as a symbol of Soviet domination over Poland, it should be demolished.
On February 2, 2007, the Palace of Culture and Science was entered in the register of monuments.
Palace of Culture and Science, the description of the building should begin with the façade, which was made of sandstone-colored ceramic sinters produced in a factory in the Urals, and the details and reliefs were made of limestone, sandstone, granite and marble.
On New Year's Eve 2000, the Millennium Clock, the third largest clock in Europe and the third highest clock in the world, was unveiled on the 40th floor of the palace.
Palace of Culture and Science, the interior of the building is monumental, testifying to the power of the ideology of socialism at that time.
When designing the Palace of Culture and Science, Lew Rudniew was inspired by Moscow skyscrapers, in turn modeled on American skyscrapers, built in the art deco style.
The Palace of Culture and Science is architecturally a mixture of socialist realism and historicism, which can also be seen in its interiors.
Socialist realist sculptures placed in the niches of the façade of the Palace of Culture and Science symbolize science, art, technology and culture. In front of the main entrance, from ul. Marszałkowska, there are two sculptures depicting Adam Mickiewicz and Nicolaus Copernicus.
The Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw is today the seat of many institutions, including the Dramatic Theater, the Studio Theater, the National Museum of Technology, the Museum of Evolution of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Dollhouse Museum. There are cinemas, cafes, Collegium Civitas, the Polish Academy of Sciences, the Central Commission for Degrees and Titles and the Youth Palace with a swimming pool.
It also houses the Congress Hall, a conference and entertainment hall that can accommodate 3000 spectators.
Palace of Culture and Science, the exhibitions that are organized here always attract crowds of guests. Various fairs and shows are also organized here.
In summer, concerts, theater and film screenings take place in front of the Palace, and in winter there is an ice rink. Wonderful illumination decorates the building at night.
The height of the Palace of Culture and Science is 230,68 meters (237 meters with an antenna bracket), i.e. 42 floors.
Palace of Culture and Science The Observation Deck is located on the 114th floor, at a height of XNUMX meters, and can be accessed using two elevators.
On the XNUMXth floor, in addition to the observation deck, there is also an internal gallery and the main hall, called the Gothic Hall due to the type of decoration. It is equipped with multimedia, which allows you to use it as a place to organize a banquet or a small conference.
Palace of Culture and Science opening hours of the Observation Deck located on the XNUMXth floor:
from Sunday to Thursday 12:00 - 20:00
on Fridays 12:00 - 22:00 (night tickets are valid after 20:00)
on Saturdays 10:00 - 20:00
Palace of Culture and Science tickets are available at the ticket office, open during the Terrace opening hours.
Palace of Culture and Science visiting the Museum of Technology, exhibitions and entry to the Observation Terrace takes place during the opening hours of the Palace of Culture and Science.
Palace of Culture and Science, the price of individual attractions is given on the website Palace of Culture.
Palace of Culture and Science address: Warszawa Śródmieście, Plac Defilad 1
Today, the owner of the building is the capital city of Warsaw. The Palace is the seat of the Council of the Capital City of Warsaw, which debates in the Warsaw Hall.
It is managed by the municipal company Zarzad Pałacu Kultury i Nauki Sp. z o. o
Palace of Culture and Science, a car park for passenger cars is located around the building of the Palace of Culture and Science. There are also two places for parking coaches in this area.
The car park at the Palace of Culture and Science is guarded, unguarded and open XNUMX hours a day, also on Sundays and public holidays.
There are 8 automatic cash registers around the Palace of Culture and Science, including one located in the main hall of the Palace of Culture and Science.
-> from ul. Emilii Plater:
- closer to Aleje Jerozolimskie, near the Museum of Technology
- next to the Congress Hall
-> from ul. Świętokrzyska, at the Youth Palace
-> from the side of ul. Marszałkowska
-> on ul. Marszałkowska, next to the former stand
-> on ul. E. Plater:
-two next to the Technical Museum, closer to Aleje Jerozolimskie
-one next to the Congress Hall
-two next to the swimming pool of Pałac Młodzieży, closer to ul. Kielce