Thermal waters used in the Termy Mszczonów complex are rich in ...czytaj więcej
Błędowska Desert it is the largest sandy area in Poland with an area of about 32 km², stretching between the Silesian Upland and the Olkusz Upland, and directly bordering the Upper Silesian Industrial District.
This relatively small desert area of anthropogenic origin is 10 km long and 4 km wide. The Biała Przemsza River flows through the Błędowska Desert, near which a charming desert "oasis" is created.
The Błędowska Desert is not a desert in the climatic sense, but this area is characterized by a specific landscape, reminiscent of the desert.
Today, attempts are made to protect this unique landscape by cutting down growing trees.
The program "Protection of a mosaic of natural habitats in the Biała Przemsza River catchment area" aims to prepare a 12-kilometer long nature trail, decompress the Błędowska Desert and clear the area of unexploded ordnance.
The entire area of the Błędowska Desert is covered by three forms of protection:
- Natura 2000 area "Błędowska Desert"
- Landscape of the Eagles' Nests
The ice age and successive glaciations caused that the bottom of the valley was gradually filled with sand and gravel, and the blowing winds prevented the development of vegetation.
When the climate changed, a thick forest grew here, from which since the 13th century wood was regularly acquired for the construction and reinforcement of shafts growing in the vicinity of silver and lead mines. This led to the creation of a desert.
After the end of World War II, part of the Błędowska Desert was planted with holm willow and pine, which resulted in a reduction in the sandy areas.
From the beginning of the XNUMXth century, this area was used as a training ground, first by the Polish army, and then by the German air force. Today, a part of the Błędowska Desert also serves as a training ground for parachute troops.
The depth of the sands of the Błędowska Desert ranges from 17 to 20 meters. They are made of fine quartz grains with an admixture of other minerals.
Fulguryts are clumps of minerals, created as a result of melting sand by lightning.
In the Błędowska Desert, there are dunes and embankments, which diversify the rather monotonous landscape.
Fatamorgans and sandstorms appear here relatively rarely, due to the fact that the landscape becomes less and less desert over the years. The nearby pine forest and dunes overgrown with a meadow have changed the appearance of this place.
However, wind is still a desertification agent.
-inland dunes with sandy grasslands
- semi-volatile, inland grasslands
- willow, poplar, alder and ash forests
In summer, the sand in the Błędowska Desert heats up to a temperature of up to 70 degrees C, and there is little moisture, so the plants found here must be characterized by high resistance to drying out and a strongly developed root system.
An endemic plant grows here, Warzucha poland, occurring only here, although its positions are less and less.
There are only about 100 species of vascular plants in the Błędowska Desert, characterized by adaptations to life in difficult desert conditions.
Here are some of them:
- Stalks without stems
- Broad-leaved crumb
-Warzucha polska - endemic
In the Błędowska Desert there are mainly insects and birds, but also reptiles, amphibians and mammals, and fish in the river. About 150 species of fauna have been counted here.
There are, among others:
- Boron lark
- Field grass
-chrząszcz - Trzyszcz
- Honey Buzzard
- Black woodpecker
- Field grass
- Smooth snake
- Sand lizard
-The ordinary paddle
- Viviparous lizard
- Grass snake
- Zygzag viper
- Earthen cocks
Various events are more and more often organized in the Błędowska Desert, such as:
- family photos
Wzgórze Czubatka in Klucze. There is a car park, an observation deck and gazebos. It leads from here a yellow trail to the Błędowska Desert and to Błędów.
Dąbrówka Hill with a viewpoint with educational boards, in the village of Chechło. Access to the Błędowska Desert is marked with brown plates.
Róża Wiatrów is a viewpoint that was created in 2018 year. You can get here from the road connecting Klucze and Hutki. For tourists, a viewing platform, gazebos, platforms and a pier have been prepared. Nature attractions of the Błędowska Desert are presented by information boards. From here you can go for walks along educational paths.
The Błędów Desert is a very attractive area for hiking, not only on foot, but also on horseback.
-the Yellow Walking Desert Trail connects the Bugs with the Keys
- orange equestrian trail, the so-called Transjurajski Horse Trail, with a branch leading towards Chechło through the ford on Biała Przemsza
The designated nature trail along the Błędowska Desert has a length of 3 kilometers and is led by red signs. It runs from Klucz, through fragments of a mixed forest, elevation with outliers, desert sands and ends among the marshlands over Biała Przemsza.
The educational trail around Kluczewska Land, marked in black, with a length of 1,5 km, begins in the vicinity of Czerwone and Zielony Staw, on the outskirts of the Błędowska Desert. It leads through limestone dwellings, Rudnica foothills, Jałowce hill and ends on Rudnicka street
Two other educational trails lead through the boggy valley of the Biała Przemsza and the Biała River. The only path through the Błędowska Desert runs north-west of Klucze.
- the name Błędowska Desert appeared in the 1889 year thanks to Wacław Nałkowski
- the phenomenon of mirage happened here
- the legend says that the desert was made of sand scattered by the devil. He wanted to cover the silver mine in Olkusz with sand.
-Pustynia Błędowska served as an open air for the film "Pharaoh"
- the average annual rainfall here is 726 mm, and the average temperature during the year is 7,3 ° C
- from Częstochowa via S1, then E40 through Olkusz to Chechło
from Krakow through Olkusz to Klucze and Chechło
from Katowice in the direction of Sosnowiec, then to Olkusz and to Chechło