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Slowinski National Park It is located in the Pomeranian Voivodeship and includes the Łebska Spit, the Gardneńsko-Łebska Lowland, the Łebsko and Gardno Lakes as well as the Dolgie Wielkie and Dołgie Małe Lakes. The park was established on January 1, 1967 and has an area of 327,44 km². Since 1977, it is also a Biosphere Reserve.
In addition to lakes, swamps, meadows, peat bogs and coastal forests and forests, the moving dunes.
The symbol of the Słowiński National Park is herring gull.
In the area covered by the Słowiński National Park, plants form natural succession lines, starting with pioneering plants, occurring on dunes and beaches, and ending with coastal crowberry forests.
The grasses include the common sandbox, sand blow-out, coastal rocket and sedges. There are frequent lichens, ferns, blackcurrant bushes and heaths that form heathers.
There are 920 species of vascular plants, 165 species of bryophytes, 500 species of algae and 424 species of fungi.
These are, among others: peat moss, seaside St. Nicholas, round-leaved sundew, orchids, king sundew, lake porcupine and a postglacial relict, cloudberry.
Shrubs occurring in the Słowiński National Park include, among others red fescue, sweet glory, common midlands, sandstones and caves. The protected mushrooms include: morels, giant puffballs, ragworm and shameless stinkhorn.
Birds are the most numerous animals in the Słowiński National Park. There are about 260 species here, of which 170 are breeding. There are redheads, ruffles, silver gulls, curlews, snipe, greylag goose, long-tailed geese, and cranes. The golden eagle, osprey and eagle owl live in the forests. There are also lesser spotted eagle, marsh harrier and red kite.
About 490 species of insects live in the Słowiński National Park. These include butterflies, dragonflies, bumblebees and beetles. Among the amphibians we can meet toads, frogs and newts.
The reptiles that live here include sand lizards and viviparous lizards, slow worm, grass snake and viper.
Mammals are, among others, lesser water thistle, porpoise and gray seal. There are also beavers, otters, foxes, badgers, hares, roe deer, deer and 10 species of bats.
The biggest attraction of the Słowiński National Park, however, are the moving dunes.
By visiting the Słowiński National Park moving dunes they are an element of the landscape that cannot be ignored.
The highest of them, Łącka dune, has a height of 42 m above sea level. Its pace of movement is 3,5-10 m / year. The dunes moving eastwards cover the encountered forests, at the same time revealing trees buried in the past.
You can get to Wydma Łącka by electric car from the nearby town of Rąbka.
Moving dunes are the largest area of wandering sand in Central Europe. The sand blown by the wind creates white and gray dunes. The white ones are younger and less overgrown, while the gray ones are older and more overgrown with vegetation. The largest area of the white dune on the Łebska Spit is approximately 500 ha and is still growing at the expense of the northern shore of Łebsko Lake.
-The Natural Museum of the Słowiński National Park in Smołdzino with an interesting exhibition presenting the nature of the Słowiński National Park. There are photograms, showcases with prepared animals and archaeological exhibits.
-Museum of the Słowińska Village in Kluki, where seven traditional Slovinian homesteads are located on the area of 5 ha
- the old Slovinian cemetery in Kluki, established in the XNUMXth century
-The Czołpino lighthouse, 25 m high, with the lighthouse keeper's house next door
-Stilo lighthouse built at the beginning of the 33,4th century, XNUMX m high. There is a lighthouse keeper's house next to it
-The Rowokół hill, 115 m high. It is the highest hill on the Słowiński Coast, the so-called Kashubian holy mountain. There is an observation tower and the "Rowokół" nature path.
-Museum Rocket Launcher in Rąbka near Łeba, that is a remnant of the Nazi experimental missile range, established for testing anti-aircraft missiles "Rheintochter" ("Daughters of the Rhine") and ballistic "Rheinbote" ("Messenger of the Rhine"). In the museum, you can see rockets from various periods, a ground-to-ground rocket dug 1,5 km from the training ground, a command bunker, a launcher with coolant channels, foundations of radar stations and an anti-aircraft missile assembly hall. There is also an observation tower.
A guide shows you around the museum, and the duration of the visit is approximately 30 minutes.
The museum is about 3,5 km from Rąbka. This section can be traveled by electric cart or by a cruise ship. The Moving Dunes are about 2 km away.
-Lakes: Łebsko - the third largest in Poland, and Gardno the eighth. These lakes were created by rising groundwater and flooding the area. The shifting sands separated the lakes from the sea. Due to the fact that the lakes are shallow and overgrown with reeds, they provide peace for the animals living there. In order to protect the breeding sites of many birds, strict nature reserves have been established here: Gackie and Żarnowskie Lęgi, Klukowe Lęgi, Gardnieńskie Lęgi and Ciemińskie Błota.
Słowiński National Park is an ideal place for people who like to spend their free time actively. Over 170 kilometers of hiking and cycling paths have been created here.
This is where, for example, the international R10 bicycle route runs.
-red "Nadmorski": Łeba - Rowy
-green: Rowy– Lake Dołgie Wielkie - Rowy
- green: Stara Łeba - seashore - Dune Łącka - Stara Łeba
-blue: Czołpino - beach - Czołpino lighthouse
-yellow "Słowińców": Gardna Wielka - Łeba
-blue: Gardna Wielka - Rowokół
The canoe trails on the Łupawa and Łeba rivers are directly connected with the Słowiński National Park. There are also interesting canoeing routes on Słupia and Wieprza.
The Słowiński National Park is a perfect place for fishing, as it offers fishing grounds for amateur fishing from the shore and boats in the following fishing grounds: Łebsko, Gardno, Pustynka and Rowokół.
Some of the Gardno and Łebsko lakes are made available for recreation and water sports, also with the possibility of organizing sports competitions.