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The presence of man in the Tatra Mountains causes that nature is constantly being degraded here, and the intensive exploitation carried out in the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries contributed to this destruction.
Therefore, on January 1, 1955, to protect the natural resources of the Polish Tatra, Tatra National Park. He also received the symbol of the Tatra National Park - a mountain chamois.
The logo of the Tatra National Park is a goat in gray, inscribed in half a circle with a blue color.
About 70% of the TPN area is covered by forests and dwarf mountain pine, while the remaining 30% are alpine grasslands, rocks and waters. Strict protection covers almost 11,5 thous. ha of area.
The highest point is here Rysy peak (2499 m), and the lowest is the Porońca Valley near Kośne Hamrów (about 773 m).
Due to the geological structure, the High, West and Bielskie Tatras were divided.
The Tatras were formed during the Alpine orogenesis and their core are granite crystalline rocks, covered in some places with dolomite and limestone. Numerous karst phenomena are also visible here.
In the Tatra Mountains, an area was created in which it was established Tatra National Park, which protects the animate and inanimate nature of this unique place.
In 1993, the Tatra National Park was entered on the list of Biosphere Reserves UNESCO.
It occupies the southern part of the Lesser Poland Voivodeship Tatra National Park location which means that it covers the entire area of the Polish part of the Tatra Mountains.
When the area was marked out Tatra National Park borders it was established in this way that from the south TPN is adjacent to the Slovak Tatra National Park, and from the north is Zakopane and the municipalities of: Kościelisko, Poronin and Bukowina Tatrzańska.
In an area occupied by Tatra National Park landscape it is characterized by steep peaks, numerous rocks, glacial boilers, mountain lakes and valleys and has a definitely alpine character.
fouling Tatra National Park plants it is about 43% of all species growing in our country and many plants not found anywhere else in Poland. There are also endemics here, i.e. species that are not found anywhere else: Tatra woodweed, Tatra and granite panicle, eight-leafed oak and veined willow.
The following also grow in the Tatras: Alpine Edelweiss, Lily of the Goldheads, Ostróżka Tatrzańska and Limba.
inhabiting Tatra National Park protected animals are endemics: the Tatra chamois, which is a symbol of TPN and the Tatra marmot.
They live in the lower parts of the mountains Tatra National Park animals: deer, roe deer, lynx, weasels, brown bear, golden eagle and moth, as well as numerous invertebrates, reptiles and amphibians.
TPN is available for hiking, biking, cross-country skiing, mountaineering and downhill skiing. Every year Tatra National Park is visited by over 3 million tourists.
Prepared in the protected area Tatra National Park trails tourist, marked and intended for hiking. It is 275 km of tourist paths and routes of various levels of difficulty, also with facilities: chains, buckles and ladders.
Map of the Tatra National Park presents marked hiking routes.
The tourist trail between Świnica and Zawrat is closed until further notice.
To answer questions such as: describe the Tatra National Park, children and young people often turn to the Environmental Education Center through which Tatra National Park conducts educational activities.
- 4 chair lifts and 4 drag lifts operate here
- the cable car from Kuźnice to Kasprowy Wierch takes 360 people / h to the summit
- park area is 21197 ha (one of the largest national parks in Poland)
Tatra National Park information You can find the current weather condition and availability of hiking trails here.
Tickets they allow the creation and maintenance of TPN tourist and educational infrastructure, nature protection and actions carried out by Tatra Mountain Rescue Service.
normal ticket 6 PLN
reduced ticket 3 PLN
7-day normal ticket PLN 30
concession 7-day ticket PLN 15
normal group ticket (group up to 10 people) 54 PLN
reduced group ticket (group up to 10 people) 27 PLN
Admission to the Mrozna Cave PLN 5 (children under 6 - free)
- school pupils and students during didactic classes at the TPN
- people who follow the shortest route to places of worship
- Tatra guides and instructors with a valid ID
- volunteers with a valid ID issued by the TPN
- persons performing official duties at TPN
- TOPR and GOPR mountain rescuers
- Large Family Card holders
- residents of communes located within TPN
Discount tickets are available:
- pupils and students
- disabled people
- active duty soldiers
Entrance tickets can be purchased using the SkyCash and mPay applications.
There is not always internet access available on TPN. It is therefore recommended to buy a ticket before heading to the Tatras.
Ticket control can be done offline.
They operate in TPN parking:
Tatra National Park price list parking fees (one day fee):
-parking Dolina Kościeliska, Mała Łąka, Wierch Poroniec, Wierch Poroniec "Kaniówka" open seasonally from April 29 to September 30
10 PLN motorcycles
25 PLN passenger cars
PLN 50 coaches
-parking Łysa Polana (former border crossing), Palenica Białczańska
10 PLN motorcycles
30 PLN passenger cars
60 PLN coaches
- each departure from the parking lot of regular line carriers along with passengers:
taxi - PLN 4
buses for up to 9 people - PLN 4
buses for up to 25 people - PLN 7
buses - PLN 10