Tatra National Park

The presence of man in the Tatra Mountains causes that nature is constantly being degraded here, and the intensive exploitation carried out in the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries contributed to this destruction.

Therefore, on January 1, 1955, to protect the natural resources of the Polish Tatra, Tatra National Park. He also received the symbol of the Tatra National Park - a mountain chamois.

The logo of the Tatra National Park is a goat in gray, inscribed in half a circle with a blue color.

Tatra National Park logo

Tatra National Park - Opis

About 70% of the TPN area is covered by forests and dwarf mountain pine, while the remaining 30% are alpine grasslands, rocks and waters. Strict protection covers almost 11,5 thous. ha of area.

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The highest point is here Rysy peak (2499 m), and the lowest is the Porońca Valley near Kośne Hamrów (about 773 m).

Due to the geological structure, the High, West and Bielskie Tatras were divided.

The Tatras were formed during the Alpine orogenesis and their core are granite crystalline rocks, covered in some places with dolomite and limestone. Numerous karst phenomena are also visible here.

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In the Tatra Mountains, an area was created in which it was established Tatra National Park, which protects the animate and inanimate nature of this unique place.

In 1993, the Tatra National Park was entered on the list of Biosphere Reserves UNESCO international convention against doping in the sport.

It occupies the southern part of the Lesser Poland Voivodeship Tatra National Park location which means that it covers the entire area of ​​the Polish part of the Tatra Mountains.

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When the area was marked out Tatra National Park borders it was established in this way that from the south TPN is adjacent to the Slovak Tatra National Park, and from the north is Zakopane and the municipalities of: Kościelisko, Poronin and Bukowina Tatrzańska.

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In an area occupied by Tatra National Park landscape it is characterized by steep peaks, numerous rocks, glacial boilers, mountain lakes and valleys and has a definitely alpine character.

fouling Tatra National Park plants it is about 43% of all species growing in our country and many plants not found anywhere else in Poland. There are also endemics here, i.e. species that are not found anywhere else: Tatra woodweed, Tatra and granite panicle, eight-leafed oak and veined willow.

The climate and vegetation are characterized by storages:

  • the lower part is covered by spruce, beech and fir forests
  • the upper regiel is almost exclusively spruce forest
  • dwarf mountain pine is on the shrub floor
  • hall floor - alpine grasslands with alpine vegetation, incl. gentian, glacial clove and Alpine pasque flower
  • crags - there are few plants here, e.g. transparent bitterness and ice buttercup

The following also grow in the Tatras: Alpine Edelweiss, Lily of the Goldheads, Ostróżka Tatrzańska and Limba.

inhabiting Tatra National Park protected animals are endemics: the Tatra chamois, which is a symbol of TPN and the Tatra marmot.

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They live in the lower parts of the mountains Tatra National Park animals: deer, roe deer, lynx, weasels, brown bear, golden eagle and moth, as well as numerous invertebrates, reptiles and amphibians.

Tourism

TPN is available for hiking, biking, cross-country skiing, mountaineering and downhill skiing. Every year Tatra National Park is visited by over 3 million tourists.

Prepared in the protected area Tatra National Park trails tourist, marked and intended for hiking. It is 275 km of tourist paths and routes of various levels of difficulty, also with facilities: chains, buckles and ladders.

Map of the Tatra National Park presents marked hiking routes.

Tatra National Park attractions:

  • tourist routes
  • 6 caves open to tourists
  • 8 tourist hostels open all year
  • ski lifts
  • cable railway from Kuźnice to Kasprowy Wierch
  • Nature Education Center at ul. Chałubińskiego 42a together with the Tatra Vegetation Garden
  • Tatra Lapidarium at ul. Karłowicz
  • temporary exhibitions in Kuźnice (coach house closed until further notice)
  • religious buildings
  • souvenir boulders and plaques
  • huts

The tourist trail between Świnica and Zawrat is closed until further notice.

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Education

To answer questions such as: describe the Tatra National Park, children and young people often turn to the Environmental Education Center through which Tatra National Park conducts educational activities.

Interesting facts

- 4 chair lifts and 4 drag lifts operate here

- the cable car from Kuźnice to Kasprowy Wierch takes 360 people / h to the summit

- park area is 21197 ha (one of the largest national parks in Poland)

Weather

Tatra National Park information You can find the current weather condition and availability of hiking trails here.

tickets

Tickets they allow the creation and maintenance of TPN tourist and educational infrastructure, nature protection and actions carried out by Tatra Mountain Rescue Service.

Ticket prices regardless of the season:

normal ticket 6 PLN

reduced ticket 3 PLN

7-day normal ticket PLN 30

concession 7-day ticket PLN 15

normal group ticket (group up to 10 people) 54 PLN

reduced group ticket (group up to 10 people) 27 PLN

Admission to the Mrozna Cave PLN 5 (children under 6 - free)

Exempt from fees are:

- school pupils and students during didactic classes at the TPN

- people who follow the shortest route to places of worship

- Tatra guides and instructors with a valid ID

- volunteers with a valid ID issued by the TPN

- persons performing official duties at TPN

- TOPR and GOPR mountain rescuers

- Large Family Card holders

- residents of communes located within TPN

Discount tickets are available:

- pupils and students

-the pensioners

- disabled people

- active duty soldiers

Tatra National Park tickets admission available at points of sale open all year round:

  • Bald Glade
  • Kościeliska Valley
  • Jaworzynka Valley
  • Goryczkowa (Myślenickie Turnie)
  • Kalatówki
  • White Valley
  • Strążyska Valley
  • The valley of Mała Łąka

Tatra National Park tickets available at seasonal outlets open from April 1 to September 30:

  • Wierch Poroniec
  • Valley of the Philippines
  • Dry water
  • Cyrhl
  • Olczyska Valley
  • Nosal

Points without admission fees:

  • Valley towards the Hole
  • Valley behind the Gate
  • Żleb Bras

Entrance tickets can be purchased using the SkyCash and mPay applications.

Applications can be downloaded from Google Play, App Store, Microsoft products.

There is not always internet access available on TPN. It is therefore recommended to buy a ticket before heading to the Tatras.

Ticket control can be done offline.

parking

They operate in TPN parking:

  • Kościeliska Valley (Kiry) - paid
  • Small Meadow Valley - paid
  • Chałubiński - paid
  • Lizard - free
  • Filipki Valley - paid
  • Wierch Poroniec - paid
  • Wierch Poroniec "Kaniówka" open seasonally - paid
  • Łysa Polana (former border crossing) - paid
  • Palenica Białczańska - paid
  • Chałubińskiego 42 a - paid

Tatra National Park price list parking fees (one day fee):

-parking Dolina Kościeliska, Mała Łąka, Wierch Poroniec, Wierch Poroniec "Kaniówka" open seasonally from April 29 to September 30

10 PLN motorcycles

25 PLN passenger cars

PLN 50 coaches

-parking Łysa Polana (former border crossing), Palenica Białczańska

10 PLN motorcycles

30 PLN passenger cars

60 PLN coaches

- each departure from the parking lot of regular line carriers along with passengers:

taxi - PLN 4

buses for up to 9 people - PLN 4

buses for up to 25 people - PLN 7

buses - PLN 10

Map

Tatra National Park map

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