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Wolf's Lair (Wolfschanze) today it is the ruins of Adolf Hitler's former headquarters. He gave the quarters its name Adolf Hitler and it comes from his nickname "Wolf", which he used since 1919 year. (Adolf in Germanic means "Noble Wolf").
Wolf's Lair, being Hitler's headquarters, founded in a Masurian forest complex, near the village Gierloz, on an area of 250 ha. Under the guise of building the chemical plant "Askania" in Gierłoż, work began on the construction of Hitler's headquarters - wolf's Lair.
About 70 reinforced concrete and brick structures were built here, including 7 heavy bunkers, the wall and ceiling thickness of which ranged from 1,5 to 8 m. shelters, barracks, 2 airports, a power plant, a train station, air-conditioning devices, water supply, heating plants and two teletype exchanges.
Adolf Hitler came to the Wolf's Lair in the middle of 1941 and spent over 800 days here. About 2000 crew resided with him. Here he also received his most important officers, here also councils and meetings regarding the conquest of Europe and implementation of the plan to create "Thousand-year Reich".
The location of the Wilczy Szaniec accommodation was determined by the proximity of the border with The Soviet Union, which will facilitate the implementation of the "Barbarossa", Which is the assault on the Soviet Union.
Obszar East Prussia was one of the most fortified districts Third Reich, and at the same time it was located far away from the areas inhabited by civilians. In addition, the forest was a year-round, natural shield for emerging objects, especially from the eyes of pilots of reconnaissance aircraft. Great Masurian Lakes and marshy areas around Wolf's Lair they were a natural obstacle to land forces.
Main bunkers they had no windows and resembled rectangular concrete blocks, and several entrances led inside.
wolf's Lair inside it was photographed and these photos suggest that there must still be undergrounds with several floors.
The area of the Wolf's Lair headquarters consisted of three security zones:
Before entering this zone, the passes and identities of all persons entering were carefully checked.
The entry to this area was authorized by special, but less frequently changed, passes.
Soviet and Allied intelligence never located the location of the Wolf's Lair Adolf Hitler's headquarters. Even the inhabitants of Gierłoż and the surrounding area, despite the construction works carried out in the nearby area, did not realize what was really hidden in the forest.
On Thursday, 20, July, 1944, at 12: 42 had a powerful explosion in the Wolf's Lair. The delayed ignition bomb was brought to the council by colonel Claus von Stauffenberg from Berlin. In connection with the accidental relocation of the explosive briefcase during a meeting to another place by one of the meeting participants, the explosion only slightly hurt Hitler.
In October 1944, the Red Army troops reached the eastern borders of East Prussia and Hitler's headquarters was moved to Zossen near Berlin, and two days later the order to destroy the Wolf's Lair was issued, which took place on the night of January 24-25, 1945.
The buildings of the Wolf's Lair in Gierłoż masked in the forest are today a tourist attraction and are open to the public.
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You can visit the facility on your own or use the services of a guide.
- red 1,8 km
-yellow 1,3 km
The facility also has a restaurant open from 8.00, accommodation, a souvenir shop and an ATM.
From April 1 to September 30: from 8.00 to 20.00
From October 1 to March 31: from 8.00 a.m. to 16.00 p.m.
The facility is open all year round, 7 days a week (including public holidays)
Sightseeing time - about 3 hours.
The area of Hitler's Former War Headquarters, the Wolf's Lair in Gierłoż, can be visited on foot, only during the daytime, along designated routes and educational paths.
Children may move around the area of the Wolf's Lair only under the supervision of adults.
Wolf's Lair can be visited with dogs
Admission to the Wolf's Lair is payable.
For sightseeing and parking it is possible to pay in cash or by credit card. The fees are collected at the ticket office at the entrance gate (no need to get out of the vehicle).
The Wolf's Lair application was commissioned by the State Forests National Forest Holding, Srokowo Forest District.
It is a compendium of knowledge for tourists who want to have easy access to historical descriptions and curiosities related to the Wolf's Lair.
Getting to the Wolf's Lair:
To Kętrzyn - by train or bus
To the Wolf's Lair in Gierłoż - by local bus or taxi (8 km).
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Accommodation rooms (prices do not include breakfast):
Single room -90 zł
Single room -120 zł
Single room -180 zł
The day lasts from 14: 00 up to 12: The next day's 00.
The price includes free sightseeing and parking.
Prices per night:
Camper, caravan -20 zł
Car, bus- 5 PLN
Motorcycle -2 zł
Adult -15 zł
Also check: Hotel Mikołajki Conference & SPA