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Wolf's Lair (Wolfschanze) today it is the ruins of Adolf Hitler's former headquarters. He gave the quarters its name Adolf Hitler and it comes from his nickname "Wolf", which he used since 1919 year. (Adolf in Germanic means "Noble Wolf").
Wolf's Lair, being Hitler's headquarters, founded in a Masurian forest complex, near the village Gierloz, on an area of 250 ha. Under the guise of building the chemical plant "Askania" in Gierłoż, work began on the construction of Hitler's headquarters - wolf's Lair.
About 70 reinforced concrete and brick buildings were built here, including 7 heavy bunkers, whose wall and ceiling thickness ranged from 1,5 to 8. shelters, barracks, 2 airports, power plant, train station, air conditioning devices, water supply, heating plants and two teletype switchboards.
Adolf Hitler came to the Wolf's Lair in the middle of 1941 and spent over 800 days here. About 2000 crew resided with him. Here he also received his most important officers, here also councils and meetings regarding the conquest of Europe and implementation of the plan to create "Thousand-year Reich".
The location of the Wilczy Szaniec accommodation was determined by the proximity of the border with The Soviet Union, which will facilitate the implementation of the "Barbarossa", Which is the assault on the Soviet Union.
Obszar East Prussia was one of the most fortified districts Third Reich, and at the same time it was located far away from the areas inhabited by civilians. In addition, the forest was a year-round, natural shield for emerging objects, especially from the eyes of pilots of reconnaissance aircraft. Great Masurian Lakes and marshy areas around Wolf's Lair they were a natural obstacle to land forces.
Main bunkers they had no windows and resembled rectangular concrete blocks, and several entrances led inside.
wolf's Lair inside it was photographed and these photos suggest that there must still be undergrounds with several floors.
The area of the Wilczy Szaniec quarter consisted of three security zones:
Before entering this zone, passes and the identity of all persons entering were thoroughly checked.
Special, but less frequently changed passes authorized to enter this area.
Soviet and Allied intelligence never located the location of the Wolf's Lair Adolf Hitler's headquarters. Even the inhabitants of Gierłoż and the surrounding area, despite the construction works carried out in the nearby area, did not realize what was really hidden in the forest.
On Thursday, 20, July, 1944, at 12: 42 had a powerful explosion in the Wolf's Lair. The delayed ignition bomb was brought to the council by colonel Claus von Stauffenberg from Berlin. In connection with the accidental relocation of the explosive briefcase during a meeting to another place by one of the meeting participants, the explosion only slightly hurt Hitler.
In October 1944, Red Army troops had already reached the eastern borders of East Prussia and it was decided to move Hitler's headquarters to Zossen near Berlin, and two days later the order was issued to destroy the Wolf's Lair, which occurred at night from 24 to 25 on January 1945.
The buildings of the Wolf's Lair in Gierłoż masked in the forest are today a tourist attraction and are open to the public.
The Wolf's Lair application was created at the request of the State Forests State Forests Forest Inspectorate Srokowo.
It is a compendium of knowledge for tourists who want to have easy access to historical descriptions and curiosities related to the Wolf's Lair.
Access to the Wolf's Lair:
To Kętrzyn - by train or bus
To the Wolf's Lair in Gierłoż - by local bus or taxi (8 km).
Accommodation rooms (prices do not include breakfast):
Single room -90 zł
Single room -120 zł
Single room -180 zł
The day lasts from 14: 00 up to 12: The next day's 00.
The price includes free sightseeing and parking.
Prices per night:
Camper, caravan -20 zł
Car, bus- 5 PLN
Motorcycle -2 zł
Adult -15 zł
Also check: Hotel Mikołajki Conference & SPA